Pediatric pulse dose corticosteroid therapy dosing and administration in the treatment of alopecia areata: A review of literature

Natalya M. Gallaga, Brenda Carrillo, Allison Good, Ayezel Munoz-Gonzalez, Lindy Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The use of pulse dose corticosteroid therapy (PDCT) in children for treatment of alopecia areata (AA) has been reported, but dosing regimens are not well-established. We aim to evaluate the available literature regarding the utilization and various dosing regimens of PDCT, as well as associated side effects, in the treatment of AA in children. Methods: We performed a systematic review of studies describing the use of PDCT for the treatment of AA in children. Results: Eight relevant studies were identified, five of which administered the treatment intravenously (IV) and three of which administered the treatment orally. Protocols with IV administration included two studies which used IV dexamethasone at 1.5 mg/kg/day for 1–3 days monthly for a maximum of 12 cycles and three studies used IV methylprednisolone 8–30 mg/kg/day for 1–3 days monthly for a maximum of 3–10 cycles. The three protocols with oral administration included variable doses of prednisolone at variable intervals and cycle lengths, betamethasone and dexamethasone at a prednisolone equivalent of 5 mg/kg, and methylprednisolone 15 mg/kg for 3 days bimonthly for 12 cycles. In these studies, PDCT was generally well-tolerated and resulted in improvement of the AA. Conclusion: PDCT was found to be well-tolerated with few serious side effects reported. It appears to be beneficial early in disease course, especially for those with multifocal AA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)276-281
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Dermatology
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2023

Keywords

  • alopecia areata
  • corticosteroid dosing
  • pediatric dermatology
  • pulse dose corticosteroid therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Dermatology

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