Peptide immunotherapy for aeroallergens

Terumi Midoro-Horiuti, Catherine H. Schein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Allergen specific immunotherapy (SIT) has been used for more than a century. Researchers have been working to improve efficacy and reduce the side effects. Objective: We have reviewed the literature about peptides immunotherapy for inhaled allergens. The mechanism of SIT is to induce regulatory T (Treg) cells and to reduce T helper (Th)2 cells to induce class switching from IgE to IgG and induce blocking antibodies to inhibit allergen binding of IgE. Methods: The relevant published literatures on the peptide SIT for aeroallergens have been searched on the medline. Results: Modification of allergens and routes of treatment has been performed. Among them, many researchers were interested in peptide immunotherapy. T-cell epitope peptide has no IgE epitope, that is able to bind IgE, but rather induces Treg and reduces Th2 cells, which was considered an ideal therapy. Results from cellular and animal model studies have been successful. However, in clinical studies, T-cell peptide immunotherapy has failed to show efficacy and caused side effects, because of the high effective rate of placebo and the development of IgE against T-cell epitope peptides. Currently, the modifications of IgE-allergen binding by blocking antibodies are considered for successful allergen immunotherapy. Conclusion: Newly developed hypoallergenic B cell epitope peptides and computational identification methods hold great potential to develop new peptide immunotherapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-243
Number of pages7
JournalAllergy and Asthma Proceedings
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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