Perceptions of community integration in an ethnically diverse sample

Angelle M. Sander, Monique Pappadis, Allison N. Clark, Margaret A. Struchen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the meaning of community integration in an ethnically diverse sample. Design: Prospective study using mixed qualitative and quantitative methods. Setting: County level Itrauma center. Participants: Fifty-eight blacks, 57 Hispanics, and 52 whites with traumatic brain injuryliving in the community 6 months postinjury. MAIN Measures: Open-ended interview questions and aquestionnaire assessing perceived importance of community integration activities. Results: Resulting themesindicated that feeling part of the community was related to type and quality of community relationships, perceived safetyand security, active involvement, feeling included and respected, and familiarity with the community. Themes regardingbarriers included the following: environmental and social barriers; injury-related cognitive and physical changes;dissimilarities to others; relocation; and financial issues. Blacks and Hispanics placed more emphasis on domesticactivities than did whites. Conclusions and Implications: Feeling integrated into the community relates toaspects of the environment as much as to involvement in specific activities. Environmental barriers can be just asimportant as injury-related changes. Different racial/ethnic groups place different value on participation activities. Theresults emphasize the importance of assessing subjective aspects of community integration, individualizing rehabilitationgoals, and intervening in the environment to facilitate participation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)158-169
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Community Integration
Emotions
Hispanic Americans
Wounds and Injuries
Ethnic Groups
Prospective Studies
Interviews
Brain

Keywords

  • Community integration
  • racial/ethnic diversity
  • traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Perceptions of community integration in an ethnically diverse sample. / Sander, Angelle M.; Pappadis, Monique; Clark, Allison N.; Struchen, Margaret A.

In: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, Vol. 26, No. 2, 03.2011, p. 158-169.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sander, Angelle M. ; Pappadis, Monique ; Clark, Allison N. ; Struchen, Margaret A. / Perceptions of community integration in an ethnically diverse sample. In: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. 2011 ; Vol. 26, No. 2. pp. 158-169.
@article{8a6766335b3b4e79ab9f3daa4b6a5cb5,
title = "Perceptions of community integration in an ethnically diverse sample",
abstract = "Objective: To investigate the meaning of community integration in an ethnically diverse sample. Design: Prospective study using mixed qualitative and quantitative methods. Setting: County level Itrauma center. Participants: Fifty-eight blacks, 57 Hispanics, and 52 whites with traumatic brain injuryliving in the community 6 months postinjury. MAIN Measures: Open-ended interview questions and aquestionnaire assessing perceived importance of community integration activities. Results: Resulting themesindicated that feeling part of the community was related to type and quality of community relationships, perceived safetyand security, active involvement, feeling included and respected, and familiarity with the community. Themes regardingbarriers included the following: environmental and social barriers; injury-related cognitive and physical changes;dissimilarities to others; relocation; and financial issues. Blacks and Hispanics placed more emphasis on domesticactivities than did whites. Conclusions and Implications: Feeling integrated into the community relates toaspects of the environment as much as to involvement in specific activities. Environmental barriers can be just asimportant as injury-related changes. Different racial/ethnic groups place different value on participation activities. Theresults emphasize the importance of assessing subjective aspects of community integration, individualizing rehabilitationgoals, and intervening in the environment to facilitate participation.",
keywords = "Community integration, racial/ethnic diversity, traumatic brain injury",
author = "Sander, {Angelle M.} and Monique Pappadis and Clark, {Allison N.} and Struchen, {Margaret A.}",
year = "2011",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181e7537e",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "158--169",
journal = "Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation",
issn = "0885-9701",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perceptions of community integration in an ethnically diverse sample

AU - Sander, Angelle M.

AU - Pappadis, Monique

AU - Clark, Allison N.

AU - Struchen, Margaret A.

PY - 2011/3

Y1 - 2011/3

N2 - Objective: To investigate the meaning of community integration in an ethnically diverse sample. Design: Prospective study using mixed qualitative and quantitative methods. Setting: County level Itrauma center. Participants: Fifty-eight blacks, 57 Hispanics, and 52 whites with traumatic brain injuryliving in the community 6 months postinjury. MAIN Measures: Open-ended interview questions and aquestionnaire assessing perceived importance of community integration activities. Results: Resulting themesindicated that feeling part of the community was related to type and quality of community relationships, perceived safetyand security, active involvement, feeling included and respected, and familiarity with the community. Themes regardingbarriers included the following: environmental and social barriers; injury-related cognitive and physical changes;dissimilarities to others; relocation; and financial issues. Blacks and Hispanics placed more emphasis on domesticactivities than did whites. Conclusions and Implications: Feeling integrated into the community relates toaspects of the environment as much as to involvement in specific activities. Environmental barriers can be just asimportant as injury-related changes. Different racial/ethnic groups place different value on participation activities. Theresults emphasize the importance of assessing subjective aspects of community integration, individualizing rehabilitationgoals, and intervening in the environment to facilitate participation.

AB - Objective: To investigate the meaning of community integration in an ethnically diverse sample. Design: Prospective study using mixed qualitative and quantitative methods. Setting: County level Itrauma center. Participants: Fifty-eight blacks, 57 Hispanics, and 52 whites with traumatic brain injuryliving in the community 6 months postinjury. MAIN Measures: Open-ended interview questions and aquestionnaire assessing perceived importance of community integration activities. Results: Resulting themesindicated that feeling part of the community was related to type and quality of community relationships, perceived safetyand security, active involvement, feeling included and respected, and familiarity with the community. Themes regardingbarriers included the following: environmental and social barriers; injury-related cognitive and physical changes;dissimilarities to others; relocation; and financial issues. Blacks and Hispanics placed more emphasis on domesticactivities than did whites. Conclusions and Implications: Feeling integrated into the community relates toaspects of the environment as much as to involvement in specific activities. Environmental barriers can be just asimportant as injury-related changes. Different racial/ethnic groups place different value on participation activities. Theresults emphasize the importance of assessing subjective aspects of community integration, individualizing rehabilitationgoals, and intervening in the environment to facilitate participation.

KW - Community integration

KW - racial/ethnic diversity

KW - traumatic brain injury

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79952992789&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79952992789&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181e7537e

DO - 10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181e7537e

M3 - Article

C2 - 20631629

AN - SCOPUS:79952992789

VL - 26

SP - 158

EP - 169

JO - Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation

JF - Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation

SN - 0885-9701

IS - 2

ER -