PURPOSE: To present the technique of percutaneous transpedicular biopsy and debridement of discs in diagnosis and management of discitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients underwent disc biopsy through a transpedicular approach with local anesthesia and fluoroscopic guidance. An attempt was made to debride the disc as much as possible. A surgical vacuum drain was deployed through the transpedicular tract when there was persistent drainage. RESULTS: Fifteen patients underwent percutaneous transpedicular disc biopsy and debridement of disc for suspected discitis. Three patients underwent biopsy only and 12 underwent percutaneous discectomy. Six patients had at least one positive culture. Eight patients who underwent discectomy had immediate improvement of pain or neurologic symptoms, obviating emergency surgical debridement of the disc. Four patients did not improve and underwent surgical debridement and fusion. CONCLUSIONS: Transpedicular biopsy of the disc is an effective technique for adequate tissue retrieval and diagnosis of discitis. Adequate debridement in selected patients with antibiotic therapy may be definitive. Epidural extension of discitis and massive vertebral destruction precludes percutaneous treatment.
- Spine, biopsy, 326.1261, 336.1261
- Spine, infection, 326.25, 336.25
- Spine, intervertebral disks, 326.1261, 336.1261
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine