Peripheral facial nerve communications and their clinical implications

Mark Diamond, Christopher T. Wartmann, R. Shane Tubbs, Mohammadali Mohajel Shoja, Aaron A. Cohen-Gadol, Marios Loukas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The facial nerve (CN VII) nerve follows a torturous and complex path from its emergence at the pontomedullary junction to its various destinations. It exhibits a highly variable and complicated branching pattern and forms communications with several other cranial nerves. The facial nerve forms most of these neural intercommunications with branches of all three divisions of the trigeminal nerve (CN V), including branches of the auriculotemporal, buccal, mental, lingual, infraorbital, zygomatic, and ophthalmic nerves. Furthermore, CN VII also communicates with branches of the vestibulocochlear nerve (CN VIII), glossopharyngeal nerve (CN IX), and vagus nerve (CN X) as well as with branches of the cervical plexus such as the great auricular, greater, and lesser occipital, and transverse cervical nerves. This review intends to explore the many communications between the facial nerve and other nerves along its course from the brainstem to its peripheral branches on the human face. Such connections may have importance during clinical examination and surgical procedures of the facial nerve. Knowledge of the anatomy of these neural connections may be particularly important in facial reconstructive surgery, neck dissection, and various nerve transfer procedures as well as for understanding the pathophysiology of various cranial, skull base, and neck disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-18
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Anatomy
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Facial Nerve
Peripheral Nerves
Communication
Trigeminal Nerve
Vagus Nerve
Skull Base
Ophthalmic Nerve
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
Cervical Plexus
Vestibulocochlear Nerve
Nerve Transfer
Glossopharyngeal Nerve
Neck Dissection
Cranial Nerves
Cheek
Tongue
Brain Stem
Anatomy
Neck

Keywords

  • anastomoses
  • communications
  • cranial nerve
  • face
  • facial nerve
  • surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

Cite this

Diamond, M., Wartmann, C. T., Tubbs, R. S., Mohajel Shoja, M., Cohen-Gadol, A. A., & Loukas, M. (2011). Peripheral facial nerve communications and their clinical implications. Clinical Anatomy, 24(1), 10-18. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.21072

Peripheral facial nerve communications and their clinical implications. / Diamond, Mark; Wartmann, Christopher T.; Tubbs, R. Shane; Mohajel Shoja, Mohammadali; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A.; Loukas, Marios.

In: Clinical Anatomy, Vol. 24, No. 1, 01.01.2011, p. 10-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Diamond, M, Wartmann, CT, Tubbs, RS, Mohajel Shoja, M, Cohen-Gadol, AA & Loukas, M 2011, 'Peripheral facial nerve communications and their clinical implications', Clinical Anatomy, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 10-18. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.21072
Diamond M, Wartmann CT, Tubbs RS, Mohajel Shoja M, Cohen-Gadol AA, Loukas M. Peripheral facial nerve communications and their clinical implications. Clinical Anatomy. 2011 Jan 1;24(1):10-18. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.21072
Diamond, Mark ; Wartmann, Christopher T. ; Tubbs, R. Shane ; Mohajel Shoja, Mohammadali ; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A. ; Loukas, Marios. / Peripheral facial nerve communications and their clinical implications. In: Clinical Anatomy. 2011 ; Vol. 24, No. 1. pp. 10-18.
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