Peroral endoscopic myotomy: Techniques and outcomes

Roman V. Petrov, Romulo A. Fajardo, Charles T. Bakhos, Abbas E. Abbas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Achalasia is progressive neurodegenerative disorder of the esophagus, resulting in uncoordinated esophageal motility and failure of lower esophageal sphincter relaxation, leading to impaired swallowing. Surgical myotomy of the lower esophageal sphincter, either open or minimally invasive, has been a standard of care for the past several decades. Recently, new procedure-peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has been introduced into clinical practice. This procedure accomplishes the same objective of controlled myotomy only via endoscopic approach. In the current chapter authors review the present state, clinical applications, outcomes and future directions of the POEM procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number14
JournalShanghai Chest
Volume5
Issue numberApril
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Achalasia
  • Esophageal dysmotility
  • Gastric peroral endoscopic myotomy
  • Minimally invasive esophageal surgery
  • Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Surgery

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