We measured the effect of MC-26 mouse colon cancers (of different sizes) on the circadian rhythm of hepatic ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity and hepatic ODC activity during the 24 hr after 60% hepatectomy. Tumor-free control mice showed a normal circadian rhythm of ODC activity with the highest levels at 1100 hr and the lowest levels at 2300 hr. The amplitude of the rhythm was diminished significantly in mice with a large tumor burden (3% of their body weight), and hepatic ODC activity was significantly less than in the tumor-free mice at every point during the 24 hr of the study. In mice with (early) tumors (0.3% of body weight), basal activity of ODC was normal and there was no reactive increase in activity following hepatectomy. In contrast, mice with (late) (3% of body weight) tumors had significantly lower basal ODC activities and the increase in ODC activity following hepatectomy was prolonged and exaggerated. We concluded that tumor burden is associated with abnormal ODC activity and that these differences are exaggerated after hepatectomy. Furthermore, although average ODC concentrations in tumor-bearing mice fell precipitously, the circadian rhythm in hepatic ODC persisted. This finding indicates early recognition by the host of tumor presence, which has a profound negative regulatory effect on hepatic ODC. Apparently, this effect does not impinge on circadian control mechanisms, indicating that these signals act independently.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research