Persistent pain is dependent on spinal mitochondrial antioxidant levels

Erica S. Schwartz, Young Kim Hee, Jigong Wang, Inhyung Lee, Eric Klann, Jin Chung, Kyungsoon Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavengers have been shown to relieve persistent pain; however, the mechanism is not clearly understood. Superoxide produced from mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation is considered the major source of ROS in neurons during excitation where mitochondrial superoxide levels are normally controlled by superoxide dismutase (SOD-2). The present study hypothesizes that capsaicin-induced secondary hyperalgesia is a consequence of superoxide build-up in spinal dorsal horn neurons and SOD-2 is a major determinant. To test this hypothesis, the spinal levels of SOD-2 activity, inactivated SOD-2 proteins, and mitochondrial superoxide were measured and correlated to the levels of capsaicin-induced secondary hyperalgesia in mice with and without SOD-2 manipulations. The data suggest that superoxide accumulation is a culprit in the abnormal sensory processing in the spinal cord in capsaicin-induced secondary hyperalgesia. Our studies also support the notion that SOD-2 nitration is a critical mechanism that maintains elevated superoxide levels in the spinal cord after capsaicin treatment. Finally, our findings suggest a therapeutic potential for the manipulation of spinal SOD-2 activity in pain conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-168
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 7 2009

Fingerprint

Superoxides
Antioxidants
Capsaicin
Pain
Hyperalgesia
Reactive Oxygen Species
Spinal Cord
Spinal Manipulation
Posterior Horn Cells
Mitochondrial Proteins
Oxidative Phosphorylation
Neurons
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Central sensitization
  • Mitochondria
  • Oxidative stress
  • Persistent pain
  • SOD-2
  • Superoxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Persistent pain is dependent on spinal mitochondrial antioxidant levels. / Schwartz, Erica S.; Hee, Young Kim; Wang, Jigong; Lee, Inhyung; Klann, Eric; Chung, Jin; Chung, Kyungsoon.

In: Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 29, No. 1, 07.01.2009, p. 159-168.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schwartz, ES, Hee, YK, Wang, J, Lee, I, Klann, E, Chung, J & Chung, K 2009, 'Persistent pain is dependent on spinal mitochondrial antioxidant levels', Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 159-168. https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3792-08.2009
Schwartz, Erica S. ; Hee, Young Kim ; Wang, Jigong ; Lee, Inhyung ; Klann, Eric ; Chung, Jin ; Chung, Kyungsoon. / Persistent pain is dependent on spinal mitochondrial antioxidant levels. In: Journal of Neuroscience. 2009 ; Vol. 29, No. 1. pp. 159-168.
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