Personality and depression. Empirical findings

R. M A Hirschfeld, G. L. Klerman, P. J. Clayton, M. B. Keller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

195 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Clinical Studies of the National Institute of Mental Health - Clinical Research Branch Collaborative Program on the Psychobiology of Depression offer an opportunity to clarify the relationship between personality and depression. Thirty-one female patients with primary nonbipolar major depressive disorder were assessed diagnostically using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia and completed a battery of standard self-report personality inventories when they were completely symptom free. Their personality scale scores were compared with those of female relatives who had recovered from the same type of disorder, those of female relatives with no history of psychiatric illness, and published scale norms. Compared with the normal population, both groups of recovered depressives were introverted, submissive and passive with increased interpersonal dependency but normal emotional strength. Comparison to never-ill relatives yielded similar results except that the never-ill relatives had scores reflecting extraordinary emotional strength.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)993-998
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of General Psychiatry
Volume40
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1983

Fingerprint

Personality
Depression
National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.)
Personality Inventory
Major Depressive Disorder
Mood Disorders
Population Groups
Self Report
Psychiatry
Schizophrenia
Appointments and Schedules
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Hirschfeld, R. M. A., Klerman, G. L., Clayton, P. J., & Keller, M. B. (1983). Personality and depression. Empirical findings. Archives of General Psychiatry, 40(9), 993-998.

Personality and depression. Empirical findings. / Hirschfeld, R. M A; Klerman, G. L.; Clayton, P. J.; Keller, M. B.

In: Archives of General Psychiatry, Vol. 40, No. 9, 1983, p. 993-998.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hirschfeld, RMA, Klerman, GL, Clayton, PJ & Keller, MB 1983, 'Personality and depression. Empirical findings', Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 993-998.
Hirschfeld RMA, Klerman GL, Clayton PJ, Keller MB. Personality and depression. Empirical findings. Archives of General Psychiatry. 1983;40(9):993-998.
Hirschfeld, R. M A ; Klerman, G. L. ; Clayton, P. J. ; Keller, M. B. / Personality and depression. Empirical findings. In: Archives of General Psychiatry. 1983 ; Vol. 40, No. 9. pp. 993-998.
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