Personality and gender-related differences in depression

R. M A Hirschfeld, G. L. Klerman, P. J. Clayton, M. B. Keller, N. C. Andreasen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Seventy recovered female nonbipolar depressed patients and 32 recovered males were individually matched for age, sex and marital status with never mentally ill control subjects. Difference scores on personality scales indicative of interpersonal dependency, learned helplessness, and other features were compared for female patients and their matched controls, vs male patients and their controls. The difference between patients and controls was not less for females than males. Thus the hypothesis that the higher prevalence of depression in women is due to the fact that their general personality features resemble those associated with a predisposition to depression was not supported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-221
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume7
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1984

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Personality
Depression
Learned Helplessness
Mentally Ill Persons
Marital Status

Keywords

  • Age
  • Depression
  • Marital status
  • Personality scales
  • Sex differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Neurology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Hirschfeld, R. M. A., Klerman, G. L., Clayton, P. J., Keller, M. B., & Andreasen, N. C. (1984). Personality and gender-related differences in depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 7(3-4), 211-221. https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-0327(84)90042-9

Personality and gender-related differences in depression. / Hirschfeld, R. M A; Klerman, G. L.; Clayton, P. J.; Keller, M. B.; Andreasen, N. C.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 7, No. 3-4, 1984, p. 211-221.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hirschfeld, RMA, Klerman, GL, Clayton, PJ, Keller, MB & Andreasen, NC 1984, 'Personality and gender-related differences in depression', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 7, no. 3-4, pp. 211-221. https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-0327(84)90042-9
Hirschfeld RMA, Klerman GL, Clayton PJ, Keller MB, Andreasen NC. Personality and gender-related differences in depression. Journal of Affective Disorders. 1984;7(3-4):211-221. https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-0327(84)90042-9
Hirschfeld, R. M A ; Klerman, G. L. ; Clayton, P. J. ; Keller, M. B. ; Andreasen, N. C. / Personality and gender-related differences in depression. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 1984 ; Vol. 7, No. 3-4. pp. 211-221.
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