Personality attributes and affective disorders

R. M A Hirschfeld, G. L. Klerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

151 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To determine the personality characteristics associated with affective disorders the authors administered a battery of self-report personality inventories to a sample of hospitalized affective patients when their manifest symptoms had abated. Patients were instructed to answer according to their premorbid personalities. The personality characteristics assessed in the 73 depressive and 24 manic patients included neuroticism and extraversion from the Maudsley Personality Inventory, obsessional pattern, hysterical pattern and oral pattern from the Lazare-Klerman-Armor Personality Inventory, obsessional state and trait from the Leyton Obsessionality Inventory and solidity, stability and validity from the Marke-Nyman Temperament Survey. Depressive patients demonstrated more neuroticism, introversion and obsessionality than manic patients or normal individuals. The manic patients differed from normal persons only on obsessionality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-70
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Volume136
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1979

Fingerprint

Personality Disorders
Mood Disorders
Personality Inventory
Personality
Temperament
Self Report
Equipment and Supplies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Hirschfeld, R. M. A., & Klerman, G. L. (1979). Personality attributes and affective disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 136(1), 67-70.

Personality attributes and affective disorders. / Hirschfeld, R. M A; Klerman, G. L.

In: American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 136, No. 1, 1979, p. 67-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hirschfeld, RMA & Klerman, GL 1979, 'Personality attributes and affective disorders', American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 136, no. 1, pp. 67-70.
Hirschfeld, R. M A ; Klerman, G. L. / Personality attributes and affective disorders. In: American Journal of Psychiatry. 1979 ; Vol. 136, No. 1. pp. 67-70.
@article{f81157033f1243d9b3d12943563963b1,
title = "Personality attributes and affective disorders",
abstract = "To determine the personality characteristics associated with affective disorders the authors administered a battery of self-report personality inventories to a sample of hospitalized affective patients when their manifest symptoms had abated. Patients were instructed to answer according to their premorbid personalities. The personality characteristics assessed in the 73 depressive and 24 manic patients included neuroticism and extraversion from the Maudsley Personality Inventory, obsessional pattern, hysterical pattern and oral pattern from the Lazare-Klerman-Armor Personality Inventory, obsessional state and trait from the Leyton Obsessionality Inventory and solidity, stability and validity from the Marke-Nyman Temperament Survey. Depressive patients demonstrated more neuroticism, introversion and obsessionality than manic patients or normal individuals. The manic patients differed from normal persons only on obsessionality.",
author = "Hirschfeld, {R. M A} and Klerman, {G. L.}",
year = "1979",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "136",
pages = "67--70",
journal = "American Journal of Psychiatry",
issn = "0002-953X",
publisher = "American Psychiatric Association",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personality attributes and affective disorders

AU - Hirschfeld, R. M A

AU - Klerman, G. L.

PY - 1979

Y1 - 1979

N2 - To determine the personality characteristics associated with affective disorders the authors administered a battery of self-report personality inventories to a sample of hospitalized affective patients when their manifest symptoms had abated. Patients were instructed to answer according to their premorbid personalities. The personality characteristics assessed in the 73 depressive and 24 manic patients included neuroticism and extraversion from the Maudsley Personality Inventory, obsessional pattern, hysterical pattern and oral pattern from the Lazare-Klerman-Armor Personality Inventory, obsessional state and trait from the Leyton Obsessionality Inventory and solidity, stability and validity from the Marke-Nyman Temperament Survey. Depressive patients demonstrated more neuroticism, introversion and obsessionality than manic patients or normal individuals. The manic patients differed from normal persons only on obsessionality.

AB - To determine the personality characteristics associated with affective disorders the authors administered a battery of self-report personality inventories to a sample of hospitalized affective patients when their manifest symptoms had abated. Patients were instructed to answer according to their premorbid personalities. The personality characteristics assessed in the 73 depressive and 24 manic patients included neuroticism and extraversion from the Maudsley Personality Inventory, obsessional pattern, hysterical pattern and oral pattern from the Lazare-Klerman-Armor Personality Inventory, obsessional state and trait from the Leyton Obsessionality Inventory and solidity, stability and validity from the Marke-Nyman Temperament Survey. Depressive patients demonstrated more neuroticism, introversion and obsessionality than manic patients or normal individuals. The manic patients differed from normal persons only on obsessionality.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0018348894&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0018348894&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 136

SP - 67

EP - 70

JO - American Journal of Psychiatry

JF - American Journal of Psychiatry

SN - 0002-953X

IS - 1

ER -