Phenotype correction of hemophilia A mice by spliceosome-mediated RNA trans-splicing

Hengjun Chao, S. Gary Mansfield, Robert C. Bartel, Suja Hiriyanna, Lloyd G. Mitchell, Mariano A. Garcia-Blanco, Christopher E. Walsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

132 Scopus citations

Abstract

Conventional gene therapy of hemophilia A relies on the transfer of factor VIII (FVIII; encoded by the F8 gene) cDNA. We carried out spliceosome-mediated RNA trans-splicing (SMaRT) to repair mutant FVIII mRNA. A pre-trans-splicing molecule (PTM) corrected endogenous FVIII mRNA in F8 knockout mice with the hemophilia A phenotype, producing sufficient functional FVIII to correct the hemophilia A phenotype. This is the first description of phenotypic correction of a genetic defect by RNA repair in a knockout animal model. Our results indicate the feasibility of using SMaRT to repair RNA for the treatment of genetic diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1015-1019
Number of pages5
JournalNature Medicine
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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    Chao, H., Mansfield, S. G., Bartel, R. C., Hiriyanna, S., Mitchell, L. G., Garcia-Blanco, M. A., & Walsh, C. E. (2003). Phenotype correction of hemophilia A mice by spliceosome-mediated RNA trans-splicing. Nature Medicine, 9(8), 1015-1019. https://doi.org/10.1038/nm900