Phlebotomine sandflies associated with a focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Valle del Cauca, Colombia

B. ALEXANDER, M. C. USMA, H. CADENA, B. L. QUESADA, Y. SOLARTE, W. ROA, J. MONTOYA, C. JARAMILLO, B. L. TRAVI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract. A survey was made of the phlebotomine sandfly fauna of La Guaira, a village with coffee plantations near Cali, Colombia, from which cases of American cutaneous leishmaniasis had been reported due to Leishmania (Viannia) panamensis and Le. (V.) braziliensis. Among six species of sandfly collected on human bait, Lutzomyia youngi was most important in terms of biting nuisance. Lu. columbiana, Lu. lichyi and Lu. scorzai as well as Lu. youngi adults occurred throughout the year. Sandfly man‐biting activity occurred throughout the night and was highest within 2 h of sunset. Despite its abundance in nocturnal samples, Lu. youngi was rarely taken in diurnal resting site collections. In contrast, Lu. lichyi was collected on tree‐trunks during the day in large numbers and was the only species biting in daylight. The implications of these and other findings for leishmaniasis control measures in La Guaira are considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-278
Number of pages6
JournalMedical and Veterinary Entomology
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1995

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Brumptomyia leopoldoi
  • Colombia
  • Le. panamensis
  • Leishmania braziliensis
  • Lu. lichyi
  • Lu. scorzai
  • Lu. shannoni
  • Lu. youngi
  • Lutzomyia columbiana
  • biting nuisance
  • resting sites
  • sampling methods
  • sandflies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • veterinary(all)
  • Insect Science

Cite this