Phospholipids modify substrate binding and enzyme activity of human cytochrome P450 27A1

Dilyara A. Murtazina, Ulla Andersson, In Su Hahn, Ingemar Bjorkhem, Ghulam Ansari, Irina A. Pikuleva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cytochrome P450 27A1 (P450 27A1) is an important metabolic enzyme involved in bile acid biosynthesis and the activation of vitamin D3 in mammals. Recombinant P450 27A1 heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli was found to be copurified with phospholipids (PLs). The PL content varied in different preparations and was dependent on the purification protocol. A link between the increased amounts of PLs and deterioration of the enzyme substrate binding properties was also observed. Tandem negative ionization mass spectrometry identified phosphatidylglycerol (PG) as the major PL copurified with P450 27A1. Subsequent reconstitution of P450 into exogenous PG vesicles assessed the effect of this contamination on substrate binding and enzyme activity. Two other PLs, phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and phosphatidylserine (PS), were also tested. PG and PE increased the Kd for 5β-cholestane-3α,7α,12α-triol and cholesterol binding, whereas PS had no effect on either substrate binding. PG and PE did not significantly alter 5β-cholestane-3α,7α,12α-triol hydroxylase activity and even stimulated cholesterol hydroxylase activity. PS inhibited 5β-cholestane-3α,7α,12α-triol hydrolyase activity and had no effect on cholesterol hydroxylase activity. Our study shows the potential for PLs to regulate the activity of P450 27A1 in vivo and alter the amount of cholesterol degraded through the "classical" and "alternative" bile acid biosynthetic pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2345-2353
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume45
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2004

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Enzyme activity
Human Activities
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Phospholipids
Phosphatidylglycerols
Cholestanes
Phosphatidylserines
Substrates
Enzymes
Mixed Function Oxygenases
Cholesterol
Bile Acids and Salts
Mammals
Cholecalciferol
Biosynthesis
Biosynthetic Pathways
Escherichia coli
Ionization
Purification
Mass spectrometry

Keywords

  • Bile acid biosynthesis
  • Cytochrome P450 27A1
  • Escherichia coli
  • Heterologous expression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Phospholipids modify substrate binding and enzyme activity of human cytochrome P450 27A1. / Murtazina, Dilyara A.; Andersson, Ulla; Hahn, In Su; Bjorkhem, Ingemar; Ansari, Ghulam; Pikuleva, Irina A.

In: Journal of Lipid Research, Vol. 45, No. 12, 12.2004, p. 2345-2353.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Murtazina, Dilyara A. ; Andersson, Ulla ; Hahn, In Su ; Bjorkhem, Ingemar ; Ansari, Ghulam ; Pikuleva, Irina A. / Phospholipids modify substrate binding and enzyme activity of human cytochrome P450 27A1. In: Journal of Lipid Research. 2004 ; Vol. 45, No. 12. pp. 2345-2353.
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N2 - Cytochrome P450 27A1 (P450 27A1) is an important metabolic enzyme involved in bile acid biosynthesis and the activation of vitamin D3 in mammals. Recombinant P450 27A1 heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli was found to be copurified with phospholipids (PLs). The PL content varied in different preparations and was dependent on the purification protocol. A link between the increased amounts of PLs and deterioration of the enzyme substrate binding properties was also observed. Tandem negative ionization mass spectrometry identified phosphatidylglycerol (PG) as the major PL copurified with P450 27A1. Subsequent reconstitution of P450 into exogenous PG vesicles assessed the effect of this contamination on substrate binding and enzyme activity. Two other PLs, phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and phosphatidylserine (PS), were also tested. PG and PE increased the Kd for 5β-cholestane-3α,7α,12α-triol and cholesterol binding, whereas PS had no effect on either substrate binding. PG and PE did not significantly alter 5β-cholestane-3α,7α,12α-triol hydroxylase activity and even stimulated cholesterol hydroxylase activity. PS inhibited 5β-cholestane-3α,7α,12α-triol hydrolyase activity and had no effect on cholesterol hydroxylase activity. Our study shows the potential for PLs to regulate the activity of P450 27A1 in vivo and alter the amount of cholesterol degraded through the "classical" and "alternative" bile acid biosynthetic pathways.

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