Phylogenetic analysis of Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus strains from the Arabian Peninsula: Did RHDV emerge simultaneously in Europe and Asia?

N. L. Forrester, M. I. Abubakr, E. M.E. Abu Elzein, A. I. Al-Afaleq, F. M.T. Housawi, S. R. Moss, S. L. Turner, E. A. Gould

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) emerged in 1984 in China and subsequently a single strain apparently dispersed worldwide killing millions of rabbits. Two isolates that caused outbreaks in Saudi Arabia and Bahrain have been sequenced and analysed phylogenetically. The Saudi Arabian lineage is directly descended from the Chinese strain, but the Bahrain isolate occupies a distinct and more divergent lineage than the Chinese virus implying that epidemic RHDV strains have emerged at least twice during the past 20 years and are co-circulating in both domestic and wild rabbits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-282
Number of pages6
JournalVirology
Volume344
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2006

Keywords

  • Emerging viruses
  • Middle East
  • Phylogenetic analysis
  • Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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