Physical activity patterns in heart transplant women

Lorraine Evangelista, Kathleen Dracup, Lynn Doering, Debra K. Moser, Jon Kobashigawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Maintaining regular, long-term physical activity is critical to achieve favorable effects of heart transplantation. Yet, at present, little is known about the physical activity patterns of transplant recipients, especially women. The study was conducted to (1) describe levels and types of physical activity using actigraphy and self-report, (2) determine the association between physical activity and sociodemographic variables, and (3) assess the relationship between physical activity, quality of life (QOL), and relevant health indicators (hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity) among female heart transplant recipients. Twenty-seven women (average age, 57 ± 13 years, primarily Caucasian [82%], retired [89%], married [67%], average time since transplant 2.1 ± 1.3 years) from a single heart transplant facility were asked to report amount and types of physical activity and overall QOL and wear an actigraph for 1 week to measure physical activity level. Physical activity levels by actigraphy averaged 280,320 ± 52,416 counts for the week (range, 206,784-354,144); self-reported physical activity level on a 0 to 10 scale was 4.3 ± 0.37 (range, 0-7). The actigraph and self-reported measures were significantly correlated (r = 0.661, P =.000). It was found that women were more likely to engage in household tasks and family activities than occupational activities or sports. Significant differences in physical activity (F = 6.319, P =.006) were observed in participants who reported fair (n = 13), good (n = 9), and very good (n = 5) overall QOL. The only demographic factor associated with physical activity was age; younger women were more active than older women (r = −0.472, P =.013). A negative correlation was found between levels of physical activity and presence of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity. It was found that a majority of female transplant recipients remains sedentary. Given the association between physical activity and overall QOL and relevant health indicators, measures to enhance physical activity need to be developed and tested; these strategies may be beneficial in improving overall outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)334-339
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Exercise
Transplants
Quality of Life
Actigraphy
Hyperlipidemias
Obesity
Hypertension
Health
Heart Transplantation
Self Report
Sports
Demography

Keywords

  • Actigraphy
  • Heart transplantation
  • Physical activity
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

Physical activity patterns in heart transplant women. / Evangelista, Lorraine; Dracup, Kathleen; Doering, Lynn; Moser, Debra K.; Kobashigawa, Jon.

In: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, Vol. 20, No. 5, 01.01.2005, p. 334-339.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Evangelista, Lorraine ; Dracup, Kathleen ; Doering, Lynn ; Moser, Debra K. ; Kobashigawa, Jon. / Physical activity patterns in heart transplant women. In: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 2005 ; Vol. 20, No. 5. pp. 334-339.
@article{ca660321a13a43ae87d77568db4fd2c5,
title = "Physical activity patterns in heart transplant women",
abstract = "Maintaining regular, long-term physical activity is critical to achieve favorable effects of heart transplantation. Yet, at present, little is known about the physical activity patterns of transplant recipients, especially women. The study was conducted to (1) describe levels and types of physical activity using actigraphy and self-report, (2) determine the association between physical activity and sociodemographic variables, and (3) assess the relationship between physical activity, quality of life (QOL), and relevant health indicators (hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity) among female heart transplant recipients. Twenty-seven women (average age, 57 ± 13 years, primarily Caucasian [82{\%}], retired [89{\%}], married [67{\%}], average time since transplant 2.1 ± 1.3 years) from a single heart transplant facility were asked to report amount and types of physical activity and overall QOL and wear an actigraph for 1 week to measure physical activity level. Physical activity levels by actigraphy averaged 280,320 ± 52,416 counts for the week (range, 206,784-354,144); self-reported physical activity level on a 0 to 10 scale was 4.3 ± 0.37 (range, 0-7). The actigraph and self-reported measures were significantly correlated (r = 0.661, P =.000). It was found that women were more likely to engage in household tasks and family activities than occupational activities or sports. Significant differences in physical activity (F = 6.319, P =.006) were observed in participants who reported fair (n = 13), good (n = 9), and very good (n = 5) overall QOL. The only demographic factor associated with physical activity was age; younger women were more active than older women (r = −0.472, P =.013). A negative correlation was found between levels of physical activity and presence of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity. It was found that a majority of female transplant recipients remains sedentary. Given the association between physical activity and overall QOL and relevant health indicators, measures to enhance physical activity need to be developed and tested; these strategies may be beneficial in improving overall outcomes.",
keywords = "Actigraphy, Heart transplantation, Physical activity, Quality of life",
author = "Lorraine Evangelista and Kathleen Dracup and Lynn Doering and Moser, {Debra K.} and Jon Kobashigawa",
year = "2005",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/00005082-200509000-00007",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "20",
pages = "334--339",
journal = "Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing",
issn = "0889-4655",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical activity patterns in heart transplant women

AU - Evangelista, Lorraine

AU - Dracup, Kathleen

AU - Doering, Lynn

AU - Moser, Debra K.

AU - Kobashigawa, Jon

PY - 2005/1/1

Y1 - 2005/1/1

N2 - Maintaining regular, long-term physical activity is critical to achieve favorable effects of heart transplantation. Yet, at present, little is known about the physical activity patterns of transplant recipients, especially women. The study was conducted to (1) describe levels and types of physical activity using actigraphy and self-report, (2) determine the association between physical activity and sociodemographic variables, and (3) assess the relationship between physical activity, quality of life (QOL), and relevant health indicators (hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity) among female heart transplant recipients. Twenty-seven women (average age, 57 ± 13 years, primarily Caucasian [82%], retired [89%], married [67%], average time since transplant 2.1 ± 1.3 years) from a single heart transplant facility were asked to report amount and types of physical activity and overall QOL and wear an actigraph for 1 week to measure physical activity level. Physical activity levels by actigraphy averaged 280,320 ± 52,416 counts for the week (range, 206,784-354,144); self-reported physical activity level on a 0 to 10 scale was 4.3 ± 0.37 (range, 0-7). The actigraph and self-reported measures were significantly correlated (r = 0.661, P =.000). It was found that women were more likely to engage in household tasks and family activities than occupational activities or sports. Significant differences in physical activity (F = 6.319, P =.006) were observed in participants who reported fair (n = 13), good (n = 9), and very good (n = 5) overall QOL. The only demographic factor associated with physical activity was age; younger women were more active than older women (r = −0.472, P =.013). A negative correlation was found between levels of physical activity and presence of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity. It was found that a majority of female transplant recipients remains sedentary. Given the association between physical activity and overall QOL and relevant health indicators, measures to enhance physical activity need to be developed and tested; these strategies may be beneficial in improving overall outcomes.

AB - Maintaining regular, long-term physical activity is critical to achieve favorable effects of heart transplantation. Yet, at present, little is known about the physical activity patterns of transplant recipients, especially women. The study was conducted to (1) describe levels and types of physical activity using actigraphy and self-report, (2) determine the association between physical activity and sociodemographic variables, and (3) assess the relationship between physical activity, quality of life (QOL), and relevant health indicators (hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity) among female heart transplant recipients. Twenty-seven women (average age, 57 ± 13 years, primarily Caucasian [82%], retired [89%], married [67%], average time since transplant 2.1 ± 1.3 years) from a single heart transplant facility were asked to report amount and types of physical activity and overall QOL and wear an actigraph for 1 week to measure physical activity level. Physical activity levels by actigraphy averaged 280,320 ± 52,416 counts for the week (range, 206,784-354,144); self-reported physical activity level on a 0 to 10 scale was 4.3 ± 0.37 (range, 0-7). The actigraph and self-reported measures were significantly correlated (r = 0.661, P =.000). It was found that women were more likely to engage in household tasks and family activities than occupational activities or sports. Significant differences in physical activity (F = 6.319, P =.006) were observed in participants who reported fair (n = 13), good (n = 9), and very good (n = 5) overall QOL. The only demographic factor associated with physical activity was age; younger women were more active than older women (r = −0.472, P =.013). A negative correlation was found between levels of physical activity and presence of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity. It was found that a majority of female transplant recipients remains sedentary. Given the association between physical activity and overall QOL and relevant health indicators, measures to enhance physical activity need to be developed and tested; these strategies may be beneficial in improving overall outcomes.

KW - Actigraphy

KW - Heart transplantation

KW - Physical activity

KW - Quality of life

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=32944462749&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=32944462749&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/00005082-200509000-00007

DO - 10.1097/00005082-200509000-00007

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 334

EP - 339

JO - Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

JF - Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

SN - 0889-4655

IS - 5

ER -