Physical Function Measured Prior to Lung Transplantation Is Associated With Posttransplant Patient Outcomes

Kirby P. Mayer, Angela N. Henning, Kathryn M. Gaines, Evan P. Cassity, Peter E. Morris, Alejandro G. Villasante Tezanos, Carrie A. Johnson, James T. Lee, Maher Baz, Esther E. Dupont-Versteegden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The primary objective of this study was to determine whether pretransplant physical function is correlated with posttransplantation outcomes. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of patients that participated in pretransplantation screening and subsequently underwent lung transplantation. Pretransplant variables of interest included demographics, muscle mass, body composition, physical function, and physical frailty. Correlation tests were performed to assess relationships with significance set at 0.05. Results: Twenty-five patients with a mean age of 57 ± 13 years (68% male) with pretransplant lung allocation score of 45 ± 14 were included. This cohort had a 3-year mortality rate of 32% (n = 8). Pretransplant 4-m gait speed was significantly related to performance on the Short Physical Performance Battery (r = 0.74, P = .02) and distance ambulated on the 6-minute walk test (r = 0.62, P = .07) at hospital discharge. Older age was associated with slower gait speed and worse performance on sit-to-stand testing at hospital discharge (r = −0.76, P = .01 and r = −0.75, P = .01, respectively). Statistically, only diagnosis of cystic fibrosis was associated with 3-year mortality. Discussion: Our study demonstrates that demographic, clinical, and physical function assessed prior to lung transplantation may be indicators of functional recovery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-295
Number of pages8
JournalTransplantation proceedings
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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