Physical outcome measures for conductive and mixed hearing loss treatment: A systematic review

M. L. Johansson, J. R. Tysome, P. Hill-Feltham, W. E. Hodgetts, A. Ostevik, B. J. McKinnon, P. Monksfield, R. Sockalingam, T. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: The number of potential options for rehabilitation of patients with conductive or mixed hearing loss is continually expanding. To be able to inform patients and other stakeholders, there is a need to identify and develop patient-centred outcomes for treatment of hearing loss. Objective of review: To identify outcome measures in the physical core area used when reporting the outcome after treatment of conductive and mixed hearing loss in adult patients. Type of review: Systematic review. Search strategy: Systematic review of the literature related to reported physical outcome measures after treatment of mixed or conductive hearing loss without restrictions regarding type of intervention, treatment or device. Evaluation method: Any measure reporting the physical outcome after treatment or intervention of mixed or conductive hearing loss was sought and categorised. The physical outcome measures that had been extracted were then grouped into domains. Results: The literature search resulted in the identification of 1434 studies, of which 153 were selected for inclusion in the review. The majority (57%) of papers reported results from middle ear surgery, with the remainder reporting results from either bone conduction hearing devices or middle ear implants. Outcomes related to complications were categorised into 17 domains, whereas outcomes related to treatment success was categorised into 22 domains. Conclusions: The importance of these domains to patients and other stakeholders needs to be further explored in order to establish which of these domains are most relevant to interventions for conductive or mixed hearing loss. This will allow us to then assess which outcome measures are most suitable for inclusion in the core set.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1226-1234
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Otolaryngology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • hearing loss conductive
  • hearing loss mixed conductive-sensorineural
  • implantable hearing aids
  • middle ear surgery
  • outcomes
  • systematic reviews

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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