Plant Based Diet and Its Effect on Cardiovascular Disease

Salman Salehin, Peter Rasmussen, Steven Mai, Muhammad Mushtaq, Mayank Agarwal, Syed Mustajab Hasan, Shahran Salehin, Muhammad Raja, Syed Gilani, Wissam I. Khalife

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death globally and here in the United States. Diet has a major impact on the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and subsequent cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. An unhealthy diet is the most significant potential behavioral and modifiable risk factor for ischemic heart disease. Despite these established facts, dietary interventions are far less frequent than pharmaceutical and procedural interventions in the management of cardiovascular disease. The beneficial effects of a plant-based diet on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality have been demonstrated in a number of recent clinical studies. The significant findings of each study are discussed in this review article, highlighting the role of a healthy plant-based diet in improving cardiovascular outcomes. From a clinician’s standpoint, the knowledge and understanding of the facts and data points from these recent clinical studies would ensure more effective patient counseling on the substantial benefits of dietary interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3337
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • cardiovascular disease
  • nutrition
  • plant based diet
  • preventive cardiology
  • vegetarian diet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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