Plasma creatine kinase B correlates with injury severity and symptoms in professional boxers

Joseph Kilianski, Sophie Peeters, Jeff Debad, Joseph Mohmed, Steven Wolf, Joseph P. Minei, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Joshua W. Gatson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Each year in the United States, approximately 1.7 million people sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Of these TBI events, about 75 percent are characterized as being mild brain injuries. Immediately following TBI, a secondary brain damage persists for hours, days, and even months. Previously, detection of neuronal and glial biomarkers have proven to be useful to predict neurological outcomes. Here, we hypothesized that creatine kinase, brain (CKBB) is a sensitive biomarker for acute secondary brain injury in professional boxers. Methods: Blood (8 cc) was collected from the boxing athletes (n = 18) prior to and after competition (∼30 min). The plasma levels of CKBB were measured using the Meso Scale Diagnostic (MSD) electrochemiluminescence (ECL) array-based multiplex format. Additional data such as number of blows to the head and symptom score (Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire) were collected. Results: At approximately 30 min after the competition, the plasma levels of CKBB were significantly elevated in concussed professional boxers and correlated with the number of blows to the head and symptom scores. Additionally, receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis yielded a 77.8% sensitivity and a specificity of 82.4% with an area under the curve (AUC) of 90% for CKBB as an identifier of secondary brain injury within this population. Conclusion: This study describes the detection of CKBB as a brain biomarker to detect secondary brain injury in professional athletes that have experienced multiple high impact blows to the head. This acute biomarker may prove useful in monitoring secondary brain injury after injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)100-104
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume45
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CKBB
  • Concussion
  • Mild TBI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Kilianski, J., Peeters, S., Debad, J., Mohmed, J., Wolf, S., Minei, J. P., Diaz-Arrastia, R., & Gatson, J. W. (2017). Plasma creatine kinase B correlates with injury severity and symptoms in professional boxers. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 45, 100-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2017.07.021