This report describes three infants with RDS who survived the occurrence of pneumopericardium. Two of them required only conservative management without pericardiocentesis. It is recommended that infants with RDS who develop pneumopericardium but have not progressed to the point of cardiac decompensation be managed conservatively. An effort should be made to minimize those forces (IPPV, PEEP, INPV, CPAP, CNCP) which may cause and perpetuate air leak into the pericardial sac.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health