Activation of the nuclear enzyme poly (ADP ribose) synthetase (PARS), subsequent to oxidant-dependent DNA damage, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of reperfusion injury. Here we investigated whether genetic ablation of PARS affects the expression of P-selectin and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM 1) in myocardial ischemia and reperfusion. In wild type mice, 1h occlusion of the left anterior descendent coronary artery followed by 1h reperfusion resulted in a marked myocardial injury, indicated by a marked increase in serum creatinine phosphokinase levels. Absence of a functional PARS gene resulted in a significant prevention of reperfusion injury: serum creatine phosphokinase was reduced by 40%. Neutrophil infiltration in myocardial tissue, as measured by the activity of myeloperoxidase, was significantly elevated after myocardial ischemia and reperfusion in wild-type mice. The elevation of the enzyme correlated with formation of nitrotyrosine, a marker of peroxynitrite, in the reperfused tissue. Immunohistochemical evaluation for adhesion molecules indicated a significant expression of P-selectin mainly in endothelial cells and an enhancement of ICAM-1 expression in endothelial cells and myocytes. In PARS-/- mice tissue myeloperoxidase activity was significantly reduced and nitrotyrosine staining was virtually abolished after reperfusion. Genetic disruption of PARS also inhibited the expression of P-selectin and ICAM-1 in the reperfused myocardium. In fibroblasts lacking a functional gene for PARS, expression of ICAM-1 after stimulation with tumor necrosis factor or interleukin-1 was reduced in comparison to normal fibroblasts. These findings provide direct evidence that PARS regulates the expression of P-selectin and ICAM-1.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Mar 20 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Cell Biology