Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibition attenuates biventricular reperfusion injury after orthotopic heart transplantation

Gábor Szabó, Pál Soós, Ulrike Heger, Christa Flechtenmacher, Susanne Bährle, Zsuzsanna Zsengellér, Csaba Szabó, Siegfried Hagl

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    22 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Objective: Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activation plays a key role in free radical induced injury in ischemia/reperfusion. We investigated the effects of INO-1001 a novel PARP inhibitor on postischemic myocardial and endothelial function. Methods: In dogs, 12 orthotopic heart transplantations were performed after 4 h ischemic preservation. At the beginning of reperfusion either saline vehicle (control, n=6), or INO-1001 (1 mg/kg, n=6) was applied. Before explantation and after 120 min of reperfusion we measured biventricular pressure-volume relationships by a combined conductance catheter and the adaptation potential of the right ventricle to acute afterload increase by pulmonary banding. Coronary blood flow (CBF), vasoreactivity, PARP-activation and ATP-content were also determined. Results: INO-1001 led to significantly better recovery of contractility (91±3 vs. 44±7%, P<0.05) and CBF (44±4 vs. 29±3 ml/min, P<0.05) and higher increase in CBF after acetylcholine (61±10 vs. 27±8%, P<0.05). In addition, the inotropic adaptation potential of the right ventricle to an increased afterload was better preserved after INO-1001. ATP content was significantly higher in the INO-1001 group (11.0±2.1 vs. 4.5±1.1 μmol/g drw). Immunhistology revealed PARP activation in the control group which was abolished by INO-1001 treatment. Conclusions: PARP inhibition reduces myocardial and endothelial reperfusion injury after orthotopic heart transplantation.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)226-234
    Number of pages9
    JournalEuropean Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
    Volume27
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 1 2005

    Keywords

    • Heart transplantation
    • PARP
    • Reperfusion

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery
    • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
    • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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