Positive and negative effects of cellular senescence during female reproductive aging and pregnancy

Michael C. Velarde, Ramkumar Menon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cellular senescence is a phenomenon occurring when cells are no longer able to divide even after treatment with growth stimuli. Because senescent cells are typically associated with aging and age-related diseases, cellular senescence is hypothesized to contribute to the age-related decline in reproductive function. However, some data suggest that senescent cells may also be important for normal physiological functions during pregnancy. Herein, we review the positive and negative effects of cellular senescence on female reproductive aging and pregnancy. We discuss how senescent cells accelerate female reproductive aging by promoting the decline in the number of ovarian follicles and increasing complications during pregnancy. We also describe how cellular senescence plays an important role in placental and fetal development as a beneficial process, ensuring proper homeostasis during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R59-R76
JournalJournal of Endocrinology
Volume230
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Fetal aging
  • Ovarian
  • Placental
  • Senescent cells
  • Uterine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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