Use of cisplatin, a chemotherapeutic agent, is associated with toxicity as a significant number of patients develop a decline in renal function. The mechanisms by which cisplatin produces renal injury are not well understood. It has been suggested that free radical-catalyzed lipid peroxidation can induce apoptosis or necrosis leading to renal injury. This study examined whether low concentrations of cisplatin induce apoptosis in LLC-PK1 cells and whether caspases 1, 2, 3, 8, and 9 are activated during this event. Our results show a dose- and time-dependent induction of apoptosis by micromolar concentrations of cisplatin. Expression of oncogenes c-myc and p53 was induced, and except for caspase 1, all the other caspases tested were activated. Z-VAD, the broad-spectrum inhibitor of caspases, prevented caspase activation and apoptosis, but not c-myc and p53 induction. On the other hand, N-acetylcysteine prevented cisplatin-induced apoptosis as well as c-myc induction but not p53 induction. The antioxidant trolox also prevented cisplatin-induced apoptosis. The results suggest that antioxidants and caspase inhibitors may alleviate cisplatin-associated nephrotoxicity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A|
|State||Published - Mar 14 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis