Postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy use by older Mexican-American women

Debra A. Newell, Kyriakos S. Markides, Laura A. Ray, Jean L. Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of current hormone replacement therapy (HRT) use and describe its correlates among community-dwelling, Mexican-American women aged 67 and older. DESIGN: A population-based survey of older Mexican-Americans conducted in 1995/1996. SETTING: Five Southwestern states: Texas, New Mexico, California, Arizona, and Colorado. PARTICIPANTS: An area probability sample of 1,424 noninstitutionalized Mexican-American women aged 67 and older (mean age = 75.1) completed the survey instrument via a 90-minute in-home interview, which included examination and recording of all medications taken. MEASUREMENTS: Current use of HRT. RESULTS: In this sample of older Mexican-American women, 4.7% were current users of HRT. Controlling for sociodemographic characteristics (age, marital status, living arrangements, years of education, income, language of interview), current HRT use is significantly related to years of education (per each year) (odds ratio (OR) = 1.13; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.05-1.20), having had a hysterectomy (OR = 4.37; 95% CI 2.50-7.64), a diagnosis of osteoporosis (OR = 3.40, 95% CI = 1.58-7.33), age at menopause (per each year) (OR = 1.07; 95% CI = 1.03-1.12), ever having a mammogram (OR = 3.72; 95% CI = 1.66-8.37), ever having a Pap test/pelvic examination (OR = 2.11; 95% CI = 1.08-4.12), having spoken with a pharmacist within the past year regarding health conditions (OR = 1.96; 95% CI = 1.06-3.65), and having Medicare plus private insurance (OR = 2.13; 95% CI = 1.14-3.97). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of HRT use is lower than that reported in the older non-Hispanic white female population. In general, these findings indicate that access to and utilization of the traditional U.S. health care system are indicators of HRT use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1046-1051
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2001


  • Aging
  • Hispanics
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Longitudinal study
  • Mexican Americans
  • Older women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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