Purpose: The objective of this study was to evaluate postoperative feeding regimens after laparoscopic gastrostomy placement and their effect on outcomes. Methods: Children 18 years of age or younger, who underwent laparoscopic gastrostomy placement at a tertiary-care academic children's hospital between January 2014 and October 2016, were reviewed. Data collected included patient characteristics, postoperative feeding regimen, and clinical outcomes. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square, Fisher's exact, and Wilcoxon Rank-Sum tests. Results: We reviewed the medical records of 270 children that underwent laparoscopic gastrostomy placement by 15 pediatric surgeons. The median age was 2.7 (interquartile range [IQR], 0.7-9.6) years, and 50% (n = 136) were male. The median body mass index was 15.5 (IQR, 14.0-17.5). Complications within 90 days included: granulation tissue (34%), leakage (17%), dislodgement (14%), and skin and soft-tissue infection (9%). Two patients returned to the operating room, 1 for a dislodged tube, and another for a volvulus within 10 days of gastrostomy tube placement. A subset analysis of outpatients that underwent elective laparoscopic gastrostomy placement showed variation in the day of initial feeds (0-2 postoperative days [POD]), method of initial feeds (continuous versus bolus) and choice of initial feeds (Pedialyte versus formula/breast milk). There was a significant difference in median hospital length of stay for early versus late initiation of feeds (POD 0: 2.1 days versus POD ≥1: 3.1 days, P < .01) without a difference in postoperative complications. Conclusion: There is substantial variation in the postoperative feeding regimen after laparoscopic gastrostomy. Initiation of early postoperative feeds may result in decreased length of stay without increasing complications.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques|
|State||Published - Nov 2017|
- Enteral nutrition
- Standardized protocols
ASJC Scopus subject areas