Potentiation of luteinizing hormone release by estradiol at the level of the pituitary

G. H. Greeley, M. B. Allen, V. B. Mahesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


The objective of this study was to determine the influence of estradiol 17β and/or progesterone on gonadotropin secretion at the level of the pituitary. Female rats in which the hypothalamo hypophyseal connections had been permanently interrupted after castration served as the experimental model in which the effect of estradiol and/or progesterone on LH RH induced gonadotropin release was examined. In our experimental animals, LH secretion was readily activated by LH RH administration. LH release was greatly augmented by the prior administration of estradiol benzoate (1 μg/kg b.w./day). Progesterone (5 mg/day) in the absence of estradiol did not modify the 10 min response to LH RH but reduced the enhancement of LH secretion caused by estradiol pretreatment. Our findings suggest that estradiol potentiated the releasing effect of LH RH at the level of the gonadotroph, whereas progesterone interfered with the potentiation effect. Plasma levels of FSH were not significantly elevated above the basal value by the administration of LH RH alone, or in combination with estradiol and/or progresterone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-241
Number of pages9
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1975
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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