Prediction of Developmental Patterns Through 40 Months from 6- and 12-Month Neurologic Examinations in Very Low Birth Weight Infants

Susan R. Wildin, Karen Smith, Anne Anderson, Paul Swank, Susan Denson, Susan Landry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines whether neurologic examinations at 6 and 12 months of age can predict developmental patterns in very low birth weight infants and fullterm controls through 40 months of age. We performed neurologic examinations at 6 and 12 months; the Bayley Scales of Infant Development at 6, 12, and 24 months; and the Stanford-Binet and the McCarthy Motor scale at 40 months. The very low birth weight infants were categorized on the basis of socioeconomic status and high or low risk for early medical complications. More abnormal neurologic scores predicted greater deceleration of cognitive development for high-risk infants only. The 12-month neurologic examination predicted the degree of deceleration in motor development. Medical risk was an independent predictor of curvature of the psychomotor development curve. We conclude that neurologic examinations during the 1st year of life might be used with other factors in decisions concerning referrals to early-intervention programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-221
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
Volume18
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 1997

Keywords

  • Neurologic examination
  • Outcome
  • Very low birth weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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