Predictors of smoking cessation medication use among nonobese and obese smokers

Mo Yang, Hemalkumar B. Mehta, Debajyoti Bhowmik, Ekere James Essien, Susan M. Abughosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to identify and compare the predictors of smoking cessation medication use among obese and nonobese adult smokers. A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted using the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) data (2008-2009). The study participants included smokers aged 18 years and older who self-reported their smoking status as smoker. The outcome variable was utilization of any Food and Drug Administration approved smoking cessation medication (varenicline, bupropion, and nicotine replacement therapy). Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted. A total of 82.20 million (weighted sample size for two years) adult smokers were included; of which nearly 30% were obese-smokers. The use of smoking cessation medication was 2.66% and 5.17% among nonobese and obese smokers, respectively. Multivariable logistic regression results showed that race/ethnicity, health insurance coverage, prescription insurance coverage, usual source of health care, urban residence, region, Charlson comorbidity index, and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), were significant predictors of using smoking cessation medications. The overall smoking cessation medication use rate was low implying limited compliance to guideline. Predictors identified in this study should be taken into consideration in health promotion programs that are designed to optimize the utilization of these smoking cessation medications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)752-761
Number of pages10
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume49
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014

Keywords

  • Medical expenditure panel survey (MEPS) data
  • Medication use
  • Obesity
  • Risk factors
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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  • Cite this

    Yang, M., Mehta, H. B., Bhowmik, D., Essien, E. J., & Abughosh, S. M. (2014). Predictors of smoking cessation medication use among nonobese and obese smokers. Substance Use and Misuse, 49(6), 752-761. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2014.880121