Predisposing Factors for 30-Day Complications Following Achilles Tendon Repair

Doha G. Hussien, Joseph V. Villarreal, Vinod Panchbhavi, Daniel C. Jupiter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Certain risk factors for Achilles tendon repair complications, including tobacco use, diabetes mellitus, steroid use, and obesity, have been well-reviewed. This study analyzes the impact of a range of demographic factors on unique surgical complications within the 30-day postoperative period. We extracted data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2012 to 2017 and searched for Achilles tendon repairs using CPT codes 27650, 27652, and 27654, identifying 4,040 patients. Twenty-two demographic variables and their association with each of 4 complications were analyzed using t tests or chi-squared tests. A logistic regression was conducted to determine independent risk factors for each outcome, based on results from the bivariate analyses. Variables having p <.2 on bivariate analysis were included in the multivariate analysis of the corresponding surgical complication. Patients with open or infected wounds preoperatively were more likely to return with a postoperative surgical infection (p< .001). Likewise, each additional year of the patient's age increased their likelihood of developing a surgical infection (p= .03). Patients with “clean/contaminated” wound sites prior to repair were more likely to return for an additional service (p= .02). Furthermore, each additional inch of the patient's height (p= .03) and every additional minute of operative time increased a patient's risk of developing a new-onset deep vein thrombosis (p= .01). This study offers providers a more complete picture of which preoperative characteristics affect Achilles tendon repair patients, directing management to reduce postoperative complication rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-291
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Volume60
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

Keywords

  • 2
  • Achilles tendon rupture
  • lower extremity repairs
  • patient risk factors
  • postoperative complications
  • surgical outcomes
  • tendon injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Predisposing Factors for 30-Day Complications Following Achilles Tendon Repair'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this