Preimplantation genetic diagnosis: A systematic review of litigation in the face of new technology

Tochi Amagwula, Peter L. Chang, Amjad Hossain, Joey Tyner, Aimée L. Rivers, John Y. Phelps

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To study legal cases against IVF facilities pertaining to preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) misdiagnosis. Design: Systematic case law review. Setting: University medical center using US legal databases. Patient(s): The IVF recipients using PGD services. Intervention(s): Lawsuits pertaining to PGD against IVF facilities. Main Outcome Measure(s): Lawsuits, court rulings, damage awards, and settlements pertaining to PGD after the birth of a child with a genetic defect. Result(s): Causes of action pertaining to PGD arise from negligence in performing the procedure as well as failure to properly inform patients of key information, such as inherent errors associated with the PGD process, a facility's minimal experience in performing PGD, and the option of obtaining PGD. Courts have sympathized with the financial burden involved in caring for children with disabilities. Monetary damage awards are based on the costs of caring for children with debilitating defects, including lifetime medical and custodial care. Conclusion(s): Facilities offering PGD services expose themselves to a new realm of liability in which damage awards can easily exceed the limits of a facility's insurance policy. Competent laboratory personnel and proper informed consent - with particular care to inform patients of the inherent inaccuracies of PGD - are crucial in helping deter liability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1277-1282
Number of pages6
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume98
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2012

Keywords

  • informed consent
  • medical malpractice
  • negligence
  • Preimplantation genetic diagnosis
  • wrongful birth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Reproductive Medicine

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