Prenatal diagnosis of dominant and recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa: Application and limitations in the use of kf-1 and LH 7:2 monoclonal antibodies and immunofluorescence mapping technique

Jo David Fine, Robin A.J. Eady, Moise L. Levy, J. Fielding Hejtmancik, Kristine B. Courtney, Robert J. Carpenter, Karen A. Holbrook, Hal K. Hawkins

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Prenatal diagnosis is now possible for junctional and recessive dystrophic forms of epidermolysis bullosa (EB); however, there is no similar published experience for dominant dystrophic EB, although data with KF-1 monoclonal antibody suggests that both forms of dystrophic EB can be identified at least postnatally with this unique probe. We now report our experience with light microscopy, electron microscopy, immunofluorescence mapping, and KF-1 and LH 7:2 monoclonal antibodies, in both a mother with dominant dystrophic EB and her fetus at risk, and in a fetus previously shown to be affected with recessive dystrophic EB. KF-1 and LH 7:2 antigens were absent in recessive dystrophic EB fetal skin, identical to findings observed postnatally. LH 7:2 was normally expressed in a mother with dominant dystrophic EB and in her fetus at risk for this disease. In contrast, while KF-1 antigen was abnormally expressed in the affected mother, it was normally expressed in only 1 7 fetal biopsies despite the fact that this fetus was shown by light and electron microscopy and immunofluorescence mapping to be unaffected with dominant dystrophic EB. We conclude that 1) transmission electron microscopy can be used to prenatally exclude the diagnosis of dominant dystrophic EB (Cockayne-Touraine variety), 2) immunofluorescence mapping is an accurate technique for prenatal as well as postnatal diagnosis of EB, and 3) KF-1 cannot by itself be used as an accurate probe for the prenatal diagnosis of dominant dystrophic EB, due to the apparent variability in the time for the normal expression of KF-1 in fetal skin during the second trimester.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)465-471
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1988


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology
  • Cell Biology

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