Preoperative maneuvers to avert postoperative respiratory failure in elderly patients

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Abstract

Background: The elderly appear particularly vulnerable to pulmonary complications following surgical procedures. Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify and assess the merit of various maneuvers employed to mitigate respiratory difficulties in elderly patients undergoing surgery. Results: The literature revealed evidence that diminishing sputum production with selective antibiotics and augmentation of sputum clearance with assisted coughing, postural drainage, and bronchodilators were deemed important. Futhermore, efforts to optimize nutritional status and eliminate tobacco and alcohol consumption are also felt to be of value in improving postsurgical outcome. Conclusion: One significant aspect of this review was the apparent posity of recent work on this subject despite the profound magnitude of the demise related to postsurgical respiratory complications in elderly patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)438-444
Number of pages7
JournalGerontology
Volume53
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2008

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Keywords

  • Preoperative management
  • Pulmonary disease
  • Respiratory failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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