Pretravel health advice among international travelers visiting Cuzco, Peru

Miguel Cabada, Fernando Maldonado, Wanda Quispe, Edson Serrano, Karen Mozo, Elsa Gonzalez, Carlos Seas, Kristien Verdonck, Juan I. Echevania, Eduardo Gotuzzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Cuzco, a Peruvian city of historical interest located 3,326 m above sea level, is a frequent destination for tourists. We conducted a descriptive study to assess the extent and sources of pretravel health advice received by international travelers before their arrival to Cuzco. Methods: Data were collected as part of a health survey among travelers. Between August and November 2002, travelers between 15 and 65 years old were invited to fill out a questionnaire in the departing area of Cuzco's international airport. Results: A total of 5,988 travelers participated. The mean age was 35.4 years (SD 11.4 yr); 50.6% were female and 50.8% were single. Tourism was the reason for traveling in 90.2% of the participants, and 89.3% of them were traveling with companions. Pretravel health information was received by 93.6%. The median number of information sources was two, with books (41.5%), travel medicine clinics (38.8%), the Internet (23.3%), and general practitioners (22.7%) as the main sources. Most frequently received recommendations were about safe food and water consumption (85%), use of insect repellents (66.0%), sunburn protection (64.4%), and condom use (22%). Only 16.5% took medication to prevent altitude sickness, and 14.2% took medication to prevent traveler's diarrhea. Variables independently associated with receiving pretravel health information from a health care professional were female gender, country of residence other than the United States, length of stay in Cuzco > 7 days, length of stay in other Peruvian cities > 7 days, tourism as the main reason for visiting Cuzco, traveling with companions, and consulting of more than one source of information. Conclusions: Most travelers arriving to Cuzco had received pretravel health information, and the majority obtained it from more than one source. Recommendations addressed for specific health risks, such as altitude sickness prophylaxis, were received by few travelers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-65
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Travel Medicine
Volume12
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Peru
Altitude Sickness
Health
Length of Stay
Insect Repellents
Travel Medicine
Airports
Sunburn
Condoms
Health Surveys
Oceans and Seas
Internet
General Practitioners
Drinking
Diarrhea
Delivery of Health Care
Food

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Cabada, M., Maldonado, F., Quispe, W., Serrano, E., Mozo, K., Gonzalez, E., ... Gotuzzo, E. (2005). Pretravel health advice among international travelers visiting Cuzco, Peru. Journal of Travel Medicine, 12(2), 61-65.

Pretravel health advice among international travelers visiting Cuzco, Peru. / Cabada, Miguel; Maldonado, Fernando; Quispe, Wanda; Serrano, Edson; Mozo, Karen; Gonzalez, Elsa; Seas, Carlos; Verdonck, Kristien; Echevania, Juan I.; Gotuzzo, Eduardo.

In: Journal of Travel Medicine, Vol. 12, No. 2, 03.2005, p. 61-65.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cabada, M, Maldonado, F, Quispe, W, Serrano, E, Mozo, K, Gonzalez, E, Seas, C, Verdonck, K, Echevania, JI & Gotuzzo, E 2005, 'Pretravel health advice among international travelers visiting Cuzco, Peru', Journal of Travel Medicine, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 61-65.
Cabada M, Maldonado F, Quispe W, Serrano E, Mozo K, Gonzalez E et al. Pretravel health advice among international travelers visiting Cuzco, Peru. Journal of Travel Medicine. 2005 Mar;12(2):61-65.
Cabada, Miguel ; Maldonado, Fernando ; Quispe, Wanda ; Serrano, Edson ; Mozo, Karen ; Gonzalez, Elsa ; Seas, Carlos ; Verdonck, Kristien ; Echevania, Juan I. ; Gotuzzo, Eduardo. / Pretravel health advice among international travelers visiting Cuzco, Peru. In: Journal of Travel Medicine. 2005 ; Vol. 12, No. 2. pp. 61-65.
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abstract = "Background: Cuzco, a Peruvian city of historical interest located 3,326 m above sea level, is a frequent destination for tourists. We conducted a descriptive study to assess the extent and sources of pretravel health advice received by international travelers before their arrival to Cuzco. Methods: Data were collected as part of a health survey among travelers. Between August and November 2002, travelers between 15 and 65 years old were invited to fill out a questionnaire in the departing area of Cuzco's international airport. Results: A total of 5,988 travelers participated. The mean age was 35.4 years (SD 11.4 yr); 50.6{\%} were female and 50.8{\%} were single. Tourism was the reason for traveling in 90.2{\%} of the participants, and 89.3{\%} of them were traveling with companions. Pretravel health information was received by 93.6{\%}. The median number of information sources was two, with books (41.5{\%}), travel medicine clinics (38.8{\%}), the Internet (23.3{\%}), and general practitioners (22.7{\%}) as the main sources. Most frequently received recommendations were about safe food and water consumption (85{\%}), use of insect repellents (66.0{\%}), sunburn protection (64.4{\%}), and condom use (22{\%}). Only 16.5{\%} took medication to prevent altitude sickness, and 14.2{\%} took medication to prevent traveler's diarrhea. Variables independently associated with receiving pretravel health information from a health care professional were female gender, country of residence other than the United States, length of stay in Cuzco > 7 days, length of stay in other Peruvian cities > 7 days, tourism as the main reason for visiting Cuzco, traveling with companions, and consulting of more than one source of information. Conclusions: Most travelers arriving to Cuzco had received pretravel health information, and the majority obtained it from more than one source. Recommendations addressed for specific health risks, such as altitude sickness prophylaxis, were received by few travelers.",
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AU - Maldonado, Fernando

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AU - Gonzalez, Elsa

AU - Seas, Carlos

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