Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury has been shown to cause intestinal mucosal injury and adversely affect function. Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) has been shown to protect against intestinal I/R injury by reducing polymorphonuclear leukocyte infiltration, intestinal mucosal injury, and liver injury, and preserve intestinal transit. Bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP-7) has been shown to protect against I/R injury in the kidney and brain. Recently, microarray analysis has been used to examine the possible IPC candidate pathways. This work revealed that IPC may work through upregulation of BMP-7. The purpose of this study was to examine if pretreatment with BMP-7 would replicate the effects seen with IPC in the intestine and liver after intestinal I/R. Rats were randomized to six groups: sham, I/R (30 min of superior mesenteric artery occlusion and 6 h of R), IPC+R (three cycles of superior mesenteric artery occlusion for 4 min and R for 10 min), IPC+I/R, BMP-7+R (100 μm/kg recombinant human BMP-7), or BMP-7+I/R. A duodenal catheter was placed, and 30 min before sacrifice, fluorescein isothiocyanate-Dextran was injected. At sacrifice, dye concentrations were measured to determine intestinal transit. Ileal mucosal injury was determined by histology and myeloperoxidase activity was used as a marker of polymorphonuclear leukocyte infiltration. Serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase were measured at sacrifice to determine liver injury. Pretreatment with BMP-7 significantly improved intestinal transit and significantly decreased intestinal mucosal injury and serum aspartate aminotransferase levels, comparable to animals undergoing IPC. In conclusion, BMP-7 protected against intestinal I/R-induced intestinal and liver injury. Bone morphogenetic protein 7 may be a more logical surrogate to IPC in the prevention of injury in the setting of intestinal I/R.
- Intestinal transit
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine