Prevalence and influence factors of suicidal ideation among females and males in Northwestern urban China: A population-based epidemiological study

Huiwen Xu, Weijun Zhang, Xiaohua Wang, Jiaqi Yuan, Xinfeng Tang, Yi Yin, Shengfa Zhang, Huixuan Zhou, Zhiyong Qu, Donghua Tian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Suicide is an urgent public health challenge for China. This study aims to examine the prevalence, influence factors, and gender differences of suicidal ideation among general population in Northwestern Urban China. Methods: Data used in this study were derived from the third wave of a cohort study of a randomized community sample with 4291 participants (≥20 years) in 2008 in Lanzhou City and Baiyin City, Gansu Province. Data were collected via face-to-face interview by the trained interviewers. Descriptive analyses, chi-square tests and multivariate logistic regressions were performed by using Stata 12.0, as needed. Results: The prevalence of 12-month suicidal ideation was 4.29 %, there was no significant difference between males and females [5.04 % vs 3.62 %, Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR)∈=∈0.83, p∈=∈0.351]. Several risk factors for suicidal ideation were confirmed, including being unmarried (AOR∈=∈1.55, p∈=∈0.030), having depression symptoms (AOR∈=∈2.33, p∈<∈0.001), having other insurance (AOR∈=∈1.83, p∈=∈0.01) or no insurance (AOR∈=∈1.73, p∈=∈0.024). In addition, several influence factors were significantly different in males and females, such as being currently married (unmarried vs married, AOR∈=∈1.84, p∈=∈0.027, for females; no difference for males), feeling hopeless (hopless vs hopeful, AOR∈=∈1.92, p∈=∈0.06, for females; no difference for males), having other insurances (having other insurances vs having basic employee medical insurance, AOR∈=∈1.92, p∈=∈0.044, for males; no difference for females), having debts (having debts vs no debts, AOR∈=∈2.69, p∈=∈0.001, for males; no difference for females), currently smoking (smoking vs nonsmoking, AOR∈=∈3.01, p∈=∈0.019 for females, no difference for males), and currently drinking (drinking vs nondrinking, AOR∈=∈2.01, p∈=∈0.022, for males; no difference for females). Discussion and conclusion: These findings suggested that comprehensive suicide prevention strategies should be developed or strengthened in order to prevent suicide ideation in China, and the gender-specific differences need to be explored through further researches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number961
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 25 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CES-D
  • Gender differences
  • Northwestern China
  • Suicidal ideation
  • Undeveloped urban districts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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