Prevalence and social determinants of smoking in the adult greek cypriot population

Stella A. Nicolaou, A. Heraclides, K. S. Markides, A. Charalambous

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Background: Smoking remains a major public health concern in Europe. In the current study, we investigate the prevalence and socioeconomic factors that contribute to smoking disparities in Greek Cypriot adults. Material and methods: In 2009, using the Countrywide Integrated Noncommunicable Disease Intervention questionnaire a representative sample of Greek Cypriot adults was surveyed (response rate 100%). Socioeconomic and demographic data were collected and analyzed. Results: The prevalence of smoking in Greek Cypriot adults was 50.8 % among men and 21.2 % among women. So-ciodemographic disparities in smoking prevalence were identified, characterized by higher prevalence in urban vs rural centers (especially among women), and higher prevalence among employed women vs housewives. Socioeconomic inequalities in prevalent smoking were gender-specific, with occupational social class showing an inverse association among men and a direct among women, with income showing an inverse association (mostly among men), and educational attainment showing a clear inverse gradient among men and a direct gradient among women. Conclusion: Striking gender-specific bidirectional associations between socioeconomic factors and smoking prevalence were identified among Greek Cypriot adults, which may promote targeted intervention programmes aiming at halting and reversing smoking behaviors in Cyprus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)284-291
Number of pages8
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2016


  • Cyprus
  • Smoking prevalence
  • Socioeconomic factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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