Prevalence of arthritis in older Mexican Americans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. This study examines the prevalence of self-reported physician-diagnosed arthritis and arthritis symptoms and their relationship to Junctional limitations in Mexican American elderly. Methods. We conducted a cross-sectional study using a probability sample of 2,873 non-institutionalized Mexican American men and women aged 65 or older, residing in the southwestern United States. Measures included self-reported physician-diagnosed arthritis, morning pain or stiffness, pain when standing; global health rating, activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), depressive symptoms, presence of chronic diseases (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, heart attack, stroke), and body mass index. The Mantel-Haenszel chi-square statistic was used to test differences by arthritis status, and a logistic regression model was used to predict the odds of having arthritis. Results. The overall prevalence of self-reported physician-diagnosed arthritis in the sample was 40.8 percent, 50.0 percent among women and 28.8 percent among men (P < 0.001). Morning pain or stiffness was reported by 37.7 percent of respondents and pain when standing or walking by 31.9 percent. All comorbid conditions, and both IADL and ADL limitations, were more prevalent in those with arthritis than in those without arthritis. Female sex and several medical conditions were independently associated with self-reported arthritis. Conclusions. Self-reported physician-diagnosed arthritis is common among older Mexican Americans. Functional limitation and disability are more prevalent among subjects with arthritis than among those without arthritis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)409-416
Number of pages8
JournalArthritis Care and Research
Volume13
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2000

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Arthritis
Activities of Daily Living
Physicians
Pain
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Southwestern United States
Sampling Studies
Walking
Diabetes Mellitus
Body Mass Index
Chronic Disease
Stroke
Myocardial Infarction
Depression
Hypertension

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Arthritis
  • Disability
  • Mexican American
  • Physical function
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology

Cite this

Prevalence of arthritis in older Mexican Americans. / Al Snih al snih, Soham; Markides, Kyriakos; Ray, Laura; Freeman, Jean L.; Goodwin, James.

In: Arthritis Care and Research, Vol. 13, No. 6, 2000, p. 409-416.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Objective. This study examines the prevalence of self-reported physician-diagnosed arthritis and arthritis symptoms and their relationship to Junctional limitations in Mexican American elderly. Methods. We conducted a cross-sectional study using a probability sample of 2,873 non-institutionalized Mexican American men and women aged 65 or older, residing in the southwestern United States. Measures included self-reported physician-diagnosed arthritis, morning pain or stiffness, pain when standing; global health rating, activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), depressive symptoms, presence of chronic diseases (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, heart attack, stroke), and body mass index. The Mantel-Haenszel chi-square statistic was used to test differences by arthritis status, and a logistic regression model was used to predict the odds of having arthritis. Results. The overall prevalence of self-reported physician-diagnosed arthritis in the sample was 40.8 percent, 50.0 percent among women and 28.8 percent among men (P < 0.001). Morning pain or stiffness was reported by 37.7 percent of respondents and pain when standing or walking by 31.9 percent. All comorbid conditions, and both IADL and ADL limitations, were more prevalent in those with arthritis than in those without arthritis. Female sex and several medical conditions were independently associated with self-reported arthritis. Conclusions. Self-reported physician-diagnosed arthritis is common among older Mexican Americans. Functional limitation and disability are more prevalent among subjects with arthritis than among those without arthritis.

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