Prevalence of tooth loss and dental service use in older Mexican Americans

Whitney M. Randolph, Glenn V. Ostir, Kyriakos Markides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of tooth loss, to examine risk factors for having fewer teeth or no teeth, and to describe the use of dental services in an older Mexican-American population. DESIGN: Data from the baseline phase of the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly survey conducted from 1993 to 1994, a cross-sectional survey of older Mexican Americans. SETTING: Five southwestern states: Texas, California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Colorado. PARTICIPANTS: 3,050 noninstitutionalized Mexican Americans age 65 to 99. RESULTS: Twenty-seven percent of the sample was completely edentulous and 22% reported visiting or speaking with a dental care professional in the preceding year. Logistic regression analyses showed that being older or being female was significantly associated with tooth loss, adjusting for education, income, smoking status, and diabetes mellitus. Current smokers (odds ratio (OR) = 1.69; 95% CI = 1.31-2.20) and diabetics (OR = 1.53; 95% CI = 1.27-1.84) were more at risk for tooth loss, as were persons of lower socioeconomic status. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of tooth loss and use of dental services in this population of older Mexican Americans is lower than what has been previously found among older people in the general population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)585-589
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Tooth Loss
Tooth
Population
Odds Ratio
Dental Care
Hispanic Americans
Social Class
Epidemiologic Studies
Diabetes Mellitus
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Smoking
Regression Analysis
Education

Keywords

  • Dental service
  • Edentulism
  • Mexican Americans
  • Older
  • Tooth loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Prevalence of tooth loss and dental service use in older Mexican Americans. / Randolph, Whitney M.; Ostir, Glenn V.; Markides, Kyriakos.

In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 49, No. 5, 2001, p. 585-589.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b9f21aa222854a098338320ce9075a8d,
title = "Prevalence of tooth loss and dental service use in older Mexican Americans",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of tooth loss, to examine risk factors for having fewer teeth or no teeth, and to describe the use of dental services in an older Mexican-American population. DESIGN: Data from the baseline phase of the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly survey conducted from 1993 to 1994, a cross-sectional survey of older Mexican Americans. SETTING: Five southwestern states: Texas, California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Colorado. PARTICIPANTS: 3,050 noninstitutionalized Mexican Americans age 65 to 99. RESULTS: Twenty-seven percent of the sample was completely edentulous and 22{\%} reported visiting or speaking with a dental care professional in the preceding year. Logistic regression analyses showed that being older or being female was significantly associated with tooth loss, adjusting for education, income, smoking status, and diabetes mellitus. Current smokers (odds ratio (OR) = 1.69; 95{\%} CI = 1.31-2.20) and diabetics (OR = 1.53; 95{\%} CI = 1.27-1.84) were more at risk for tooth loss, as were persons of lower socioeconomic status. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of tooth loss and use of dental services in this population of older Mexican Americans is lower than what has been previously found among older people in the general population.",
keywords = "Dental service, Edentulism, Mexican Americans, Older, Tooth loss",
author = "Randolph, {Whitney M.} and Ostir, {Glenn V.} and Kyriakos Markides",
year = "2001",
doi = "10.1046/j.1532-5415.2001.49118.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "49",
pages = "585--589",
journal = "Journal of the American Geriatrics Society",
issn = "0002-8614",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of tooth loss and dental service use in older Mexican Americans

AU - Randolph, Whitney M.

AU - Ostir, Glenn V.

AU - Markides, Kyriakos

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of tooth loss, to examine risk factors for having fewer teeth or no teeth, and to describe the use of dental services in an older Mexican-American population. DESIGN: Data from the baseline phase of the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly survey conducted from 1993 to 1994, a cross-sectional survey of older Mexican Americans. SETTING: Five southwestern states: Texas, California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Colorado. PARTICIPANTS: 3,050 noninstitutionalized Mexican Americans age 65 to 99. RESULTS: Twenty-seven percent of the sample was completely edentulous and 22% reported visiting or speaking with a dental care professional in the preceding year. Logistic regression analyses showed that being older or being female was significantly associated with tooth loss, adjusting for education, income, smoking status, and diabetes mellitus. Current smokers (odds ratio (OR) = 1.69; 95% CI = 1.31-2.20) and diabetics (OR = 1.53; 95% CI = 1.27-1.84) were more at risk for tooth loss, as were persons of lower socioeconomic status. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of tooth loss and use of dental services in this population of older Mexican Americans is lower than what has been previously found among older people in the general population.

AB - OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of tooth loss, to examine risk factors for having fewer teeth or no teeth, and to describe the use of dental services in an older Mexican-American population. DESIGN: Data from the baseline phase of the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly survey conducted from 1993 to 1994, a cross-sectional survey of older Mexican Americans. SETTING: Five southwestern states: Texas, California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Colorado. PARTICIPANTS: 3,050 noninstitutionalized Mexican Americans age 65 to 99. RESULTS: Twenty-seven percent of the sample was completely edentulous and 22% reported visiting or speaking with a dental care professional in the preceding year. Logistic regression analyses showed that being older or being female was significantly associated with tooth loss, adjusting for education, income, smoking status, and diabetes mellitus. Current smokers (odds ratio (OR) = 1.69; 95% CI = 1.31-2.20) and diabetics (OR = 1.53; 95% CI = 1.27-1.84) were more at risk for tooth loss, as were persons of lower socioeconomic status. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of tooth loss and use of dental services in this population of older Mexican Americans is lower than what has been previously found among older people in the general population.

KW - Dental service

KW - Edentulism

KW - Mexican Americans

KW - Older

KW - Tooth loss

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035017478&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035017478&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1046/j.1532-5415.2001.49118.x

DO - 10.1046/j.1532-5415.2001.49118.x

M3 - Article

VL - 49

SP - 585

EP - 589

JO - Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

JF - Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

SN - 0002-8614

IS - 5

ER -