Site-specific responses of bronchoalveolar and peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets were compared during primary and anamnestic immune responses against live Pasteurella haemolytica A1 (Ph1). Eight 1-year old calves were sequentially exposed intrabronchially with aerosolized Ph1 on days 0, 14, and 21, and two calves were sham exposed. Bronchoalveolar and peripheral blood lymphocytes were analyzed before each Phi exposure, and on days 3 and 7 post exposure using single and two-color flow cytometry to identify CD2, CD4+, CD8+, CD21+, CD45R+, CD25+ and γδ lymphocyte subsets. Significant differences (p < 0.05) in bronchoalveolar and peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets were observed before Ph1 exposure. Subsequent aerosol exposures, resulted in significant (p <0.05) changes in bronchoalveolar lymphocyte subsets and the CD4:CD8 bronchoalveolar lymphocyte ratio, but concomitant changes were not observed in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Expression of CD2, CD4 and CD8 lymphocyte differentiation antigens was consistently lower and more heterogeneous on bronchoalveolar lymphocytes. Differential analysis of bronchoalveolar leukocytes revealed a significant increase in bronchoalveolar lymphocytes and neutrophils during anamnestic responses.
- Respiratory disease
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