Pro-HEART - A randomized clinical trial to test the effectiveness of a high protein diet targeting obese individuals with heart failure

Rationale, design and baseline characteristics

Marjan Motie, Lorraine Evangelista, Tamara Horwich, Michele Hamilton, Dawn Lombardo, Dan M. Cooper, Pietro R. Galassetti, Gregg C. Fonarow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is ample research to support the potential benefits of a high protein diet on clinical outcomes in overweight/obese, diabetic subjects. However, nutritional management of overweight/obese individuals with heart failure (HF) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) or metabolic syndrome (MS) is poorly understood and few clinical guidelines related to nutritional approaches exist for this subgroup. This article describes the design, methods, and baseline characteristics of study participants enrolled in Pro-HEART, a randomized clinical trial to determine the short term and long term effects of a high protein diet (30% protein [~. 110. g/day], 40% carbohydrates [150. g/day], 30% fat [~. 50. g/day]) versus a standard protein diet (15% protein [~. 55. g/day], 55% carbohydrates [~. 200. g/day], 30% fat [~. 50. g/day]) on body weight and adiposity, cardiac structure and function, functional status, lipid profile, glycemic control, and quality of life. Between August, 2009 and May, 2013, 61 individuals agreed to participate in the study; 52 (85%) - mean age 58.2. ±. 9.8. years; 15.4% Blacks; 57.7% Whites; 19.2% Hispanics; 7.7% Asians; 73.1% male; weight 112.0. ±. 22.6. kg - were randomized to a 3-month intensive weight management program of either a high protein or standard protein diet; data were collected at baseline, 3. months, and 15. months. This study has the potential to reveal significant details about the role of macronutrients in weight management of overweight/obese individuals with HF and DM or MS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-381
Number of pages11
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Protein Transport
Randomized Controlled Trials
Heart Failure
Diet
Proteins
Weights and Measures
Fats
Carbohydrates
Adiposity
Hispanic Americans
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus
Body Weight
Quality of Life
Guidelines
Lipids
Research

Keywords

  • Clinical trial
  • Heart failure
  • Nutrition
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Pro-HEART - A randomized clinical trial to test the effectiveness of a high protein diet targeting obese individuals with heart failure : Rationale, design and baseline characteristics. / Motie, Marjan; Evangelista, Lorraine; Horwich, Tamara; Hamilton, Michele; Lombardo, Dawn; Cooper, Dan M.; Galassetti, Pietro R.; Fonarow, Gregg C.

In: Contemporary Clinical Trials, Vol. 36, No. 2, 01.11.2013, p. 371-381.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Motie, Marjan ; Evangelista, Lorraine ; Horwich, Tamara ; Hamilton, Michele ; Lombardo, Dawn ; Cooper, Dan M. ; Galassetti, Pietro R. ; Fonarow, Gregg C. / Pro-HEART - A randomized clinical trial to test the effectiveness of a high protein diet targeting obese individuals with heart failure : Rationale, design and baseline characteristics. In: Contemporary Clinical Trials. 2013 ; Vol. 36, No. 2. pp. 371-381.
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