Proinflammatory cytokines depress cardiac efficiency by a nitric oxide-dependent mechanism

Donna Panas, Fadi H. Khadour, Csaba Szabö, Richard Schulz

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    64 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Proinflammatory cytokines (interleukin-l, tumor necrosis factor-a, and Interferon-/; Cytomix) depress myocardial contractile work partially by stimulating expression of inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS). Because NO and peroxynitrite inhibit myocardial O2 consumption (MVo2), we examined whether this mechanism contributes to reduced cardiac work. In control isolated working rat hearts, cardiac work was stable for 60 min, followed by a decline from 60 to 120 min, without change in MVo2. Cardiac efficiency (work/MVb2) was therefore reduced from 60 to 120 min. Cytomix shortened the onset (within 20-40 min) and enhanced the depression in cardiac work and efficiency and inhibited MVo2 after 80 min. Mercaptoethylguanidine (MEG), an iNOS inhibitor and peroxynitrite scavenger, or the glucocorticoid dexamethasone (Dex) abolished the effects of Cytomix. iNOS expression was increased 10-fold by Cytomix and abolished by Dex but not MEG. That cytokine-induced depression in cardiac work precedes the reduction in MV02 suggests, at least in the early response, that NO and/or peroxynitrite may not impair heart function by inhibiting mitochondrial respiration but reduce the heart's ability to utilize ATP for contractile work.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)H1016-H1023
    JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology
    Volume275
    Issue number3 PART 2
    StatePublished - Dec 1 1998

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    Keywords

    • Dexamethasone
    • Inducible nitric oxide synthase
    • Isolated heart
    • Mercaptoethylguanidine
    • Peroxynitrite

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physiology (medical)

    Cite this

    Panas, D., Khadour, F. H., Szabö, C., & Schulz, R. (1998). Proinflammatory cytokines depress cardiac efficiency by a nitric oxide-dependent mechanism. American Journal of Physiology, 275(3 PART 2), H1016-H1023.