Prolactin levels in umbilical cord serum and its relation to fetal adrenal activity in newborns of women with pregnancy-induced hypertension

C. R. Parker, Gary Hankins, B. R. Carr, N. F. Gant, P. C. MacDonald, J. C. Porter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The effect of hypertension in pregnant women on fetal maturation is an issue of considerable importance. Because of a possible role of prolactin in fetal adrenal steroidogenesis and in fetal lung maturation, we have investigated the relationship between hypertension in pregnant women and levels or prolactin and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate in serum of newborn infants. It was found that with the mild-to-moderate form of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), there was little effect on prolactin levels in newborn serum. In newborns of women with severe PIH, however, serum prolactin levels were significantly greater (p < 0.01) than those in newborns of women with uncomplicated pregnancies. Conversely, umbilical serum concentrations of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate in newborns of women with severe PIH were significantly less (p < 0.05) than those in newborns of women with uncomplicated pregnancies. These findings are supportive of the view that pituitary function and adrenocortical function of fetuses of women with PIH are different from those of fetuses of normotensive women. These findings are suggestive that PIH alters the function of the fetal pituitary and adrenal cortex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)876-878
Number of pages3
JournalPediatric Research
Volume20
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

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Fetal Movement
Pregnancy Induced Hypertension
Umbilical Cord
Prolactin
Newborn Infant
Serum
Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate
Pregnant Women
Fetus
Hypertension
Umbilicus
Pregnancy
Adrenal Cortex
Lung

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Parker, C. R., Hankins, G., Carr, B. R., Gant, N. F., MacDonald, P. C., & Porter, J. C. (1986). Prolactin levels in umbilical cord serum and its relation to fetal adrenal activity in newborns of women with pregnancy-induced hypertension. Pediatric Research, 20(9), 876-878.

Prolactin levels in umbilical cord serum and its relation to fetal adrenal activity in newborns of women with pregnancy-induced hypertension. / Parker, C. R.; Hankins, Gary; Carr, B. R.; Gant, N. F.; MacDonald, P. C.; Porter, J. C.

In: Pediatric Research, Vol. 20, No. 9, 1986, p. 876-878.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Parker, CR, Hankins, G, Carr, BR, Gant, NF, MacDonald, PC & Porter, JC 1986, 'Prolactin levels in umbilical cord serum and its relation to fetal adrenal activity in newborns of women with pregnancy-induced hypertension', Pediatric Research, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 876-878.
Parker, C. R. ; Hankins, Gary ; Carr, B. R. ; Gant, N. F. ; MacDonald, P. C. ; Porter, J. C. / Prolactin levels in umbilical cord serum and its relation to fetal adrenal activity in newborns of women with pregnancy-induced hypertension. In: Pediatric Research. 1986 ; Vol. 20, No. 9. pp. 876-878.
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