A 2.8-year-old girl with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis had recurrence of nephrotic syndrome within 3 days of renal transplantation and the serum creatinine increased. Renal biopsy showed cellular rejection and also complete effacement of the epithelial cell foot processes. The rejection responded to methylprednisolone therapy but massive proteinuria persisted. An increase in the dose of cyclosporine A to 14 mg/kg per day was followed by immediate remission of the proteinuria. One month later, a second renal biopsy showed only focal fusion of foot processes. She remains free of proteinuria 2 years later. We propose that the higher dose of cyclosporine caused remission of the nephrotic syndrome.
- Cyclosporine A
- Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
- Recurrent nephrotic syndrome
- Renal transplantation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health