Prospective randomized study of the effect of music on the efficiency of surgical closures

Shelby R. Lies, Andrew Y. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Music is commonly played in operating theaters. Some surgeons believe music reduces stress and operative time, while others think music is a distraction and should be avoided. There is limited published evidence evaluating the effects of music on surgical performance. Objective: The goal of this study is to evaluate the effect of music on simple wound closure. Methods: Plastic surgery residents were asked to perform layered closures on pigs' feet with and without their preferred music playing. Simple randomization was used to assign residents to the music playing first or music playing second group. The time to complete the repair was measured and repairs were graded by blinded faculty. Results were analyzed to determine significant differences in time to complete the task and quality of repair. Participants were retested in a second session with music played in the opposite order to evaluate consistency. Results: Listening to preferred music decreased repair time by 8% for all plastic surgery residents (p = 0.009). Subgroup analysis demonstrated even more significant improvement in speed for senior residents (PGY 4-6), resulting in a 10% decrease in repair time (p = 0.006). The quality of repair was also better in the music group, at 3.3 versus 3.1 (p = 0.047). Retesting revealed results remained significant whether music was played first or second. Conclusions: Playing preferred music made plastic surgery residents faster in completing wound closure with a 10% improvement in senior residents. Music also improved quality of repair as judged by blinded faculty. Our study showed that music improves efficiency of wound closure, which may translate to healthcare cost savings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)858-863
Number of pages6
JournalAesthetic surgery journal / the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic surgery
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Music
Prospective Studies
Plastic Surgery
Wounds and Injuries
Cost Savings
Operative Time
Random Allocation
Health Care Costs
Foot
Swine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Prospective randomized study of the effect of music on the efficiency of surgical closures. / Lies, Shelby R.; Zhang, Andrew Y.

In: Aesthetic surgery journal / the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic surgery, Vol. 35, No. 7, 2015, p. 858-863.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{7bc868a6ee1243c588f420573f5af6ee,
title = "Prospective randomized study of the effect of music on the efficiency of surgical closures",
abstract = "Background: Music is commonly played in operating theaters. Some surgeons believe music reduces stress and operative time, while others think music is a distraction and should be avoided. There is limited published evidence evaluating the effects of music on surgical performance. Objective: The goal of this study is to evaluate the effect of music on simple wound closure. Methods: Plastic surgery residents were asked to perform layered closures on pigs' feet with and without their preferred music playing. Simple randomization was used to assign residents to the music playing first or music playing second group. The time to complete the repair was measured and repairs were graded by blinded faculty. Results were analyzed to determine significant differences in time to complete the task and quality of repair. Participants were retested in a second session with music played in the opposite order to evaluate consistency. Results: Listening to preferred music decreased repair time by 8{\%} for all plastic surgery residents (p = 0.009). Subgroup analysis demonstrated even more significant improvement in speed for senior residents (PGY 4-6), resulting in a 10{\%} decrease in repair time (p = 0.006). The quality of repair was also better in the music group, at 3.3 versus 3.1 (p = 0.047). Retesting revealed results remained significant whether music was played first or second. Conclusions: Playing preferred music made plastic surgery residents faster in completing wound closure with a 10{\%} improvement in senior residents. Music also improved quality of repair as judged by blinded faculty. Our study showed that music improves efficiency of wound closure, which may translate to healthcare cost savings.",
author = "Lies, {Shelby R.} and Zhang, {Andrew Y.}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1093/asj/sju161",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "858--863",
journal = "Aesthetic Surgery Journal",
issn = "1090-820X",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prospective randomized study of the effect of music on the efficiency of surgical closures

AU - Lies, Shelby R.

AU - Zhang, Andrew Y.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Background: Music is commonly played in operating theaters. Some surgeons believe music reduces stress and operative time, while others think music is a distraction and should be avoided. There is limited published evidence evaluating the effects of music on surgical performance. Objective: The goal of this study is to evaluate the effect of music on simple wound closure. Methods: Plastic surgery residents were asked to perform layered closures on pigs' feet with and without their preferred music playing. Simple randomization was used to assign residents to the music playing first or music playing second group. The time to complete the repair was measured and repairs were graded by blinded faculty. Results were analyzed to determine significant differences in time to complete the task and quality of repair. Participants were retested in a second session with music played in the opposite order to evaluate consistency. Results: Listening to preferred music decreased repair time by 8% for all plastic surgery residents (p = 0.009). Subgroup analysis demonstrated even more significant improvement in speed for senior residents (PGY 4-6), resulting in a 10% decrease in repair time (p = 0.006). The quality of repair was also better in the music group, at 3.3 versus 3.1 (p = 0.047). Retesting revealed results remained significant whether music was played first or second. Conclusions: Playing preferred music made plastic surgery residents faster in completing wound closure with a 10% improvement in senior residents. Music also improved quality of repair as judged by blinded faculty. Our study showed that music improves efficiency of wound closure, which may translate to healthcare cost savings.

AB - Background: Music is commonly played in operating theaters. Some surgeons believe music reduces stress and operative time, while others think music is a distraction and should be avoided. There is limited published evidence evaluating the effects of music on surgical performance. Objective: The goal of this study is to evaluate the effect of music on simple wound closure. Methods: Plastic surgery residents were asked to perform layered closures on pigs' feet with and without their preferred music playing. Simple randomization was used to assign residents to the music playing first or music playing second group. The time to complete the repair was measured and repairs were graded by blinded faculty. Results were analyzed to determine significant differences in time to complete the task and quality of repair. Participants were retested in a second session with music played in the opposite order to evaluate consistency. Results: Listening to preferred music decreased repair time by 8% for all plastic surgery residents (p = 0.009). Subgroup analysis demonstrated even more significant improvement in speed for senior residents (PGY 4-6), resulting in a 10% decrease in repair time (p = 0.006). The quality of repair was also better in the music group, at 3.3 versus 3.1 (p = 0.047). Retesting revealed results remained significant whether music was played first or second. Conclusions: Playing preferred music made plastic surgery residents faster in completing wound closure with a 10% improvement in senior residents. Music also improved quality of repair as judged by blinded faculty. Our study showed that music improves efficiency of wound closure, which may translate to healthcare cost savings.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84954107959&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84954107959&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/asj/sju161

DO - 10.1093/asj/sju161

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 858

EP - 863

JO - Aesthetic Surgery Journal

JF - Aesthetic Surgery Journal

SN - 1090-820X

IS - 7

ER -