Prospects for immunisation against Marburg and Ebola viruses

Thomas W. Geisbert, Daniel G. Bausch, Heinz Feldmann

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

For more than 30 years the filoviruses, Marburg virus and Ebola virus, have been associated with periodic outbreaks of hemorrhagic fever that produce severe and often fatal disease. The filoviruses are endemic primarily in resource-poor regions in Central Africa and are also potential agents of bioterrorism. Although no vaccines or antiviral drugs for Marburg or Ebola are currently available, remarkable progress has been made over the last decade in developing candidate preventive vaccines against filoviruses in nonhuman primate models. Due to the generally remote locations of filovirus outbreaks, a single-injection vaccine is desirable. Among the prospective vaccines that have shown efficacy in nonhuman primate models of filoviral hemorrhagic fever, two candidates, one based on a replication-defective adenovirus serotype 5 and the other on a recombinant VSV (rVSV), were shown to provide complete protection to nonhuman primates when administered as a single injection. The rVSV-based vaccine has also shown utility when administered for postexposure prophylaxis against filovirus infections. A VSV-based Ebola vaccine was recently used to manage a potential laboratory exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)344-357
Number of pages14
JournalReviews in Medical Virology
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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