Prostaglandin E2 regulation of ion transport is absent in medullary thick ascending limbs from SHR

D. W. Good, C. R. Caflisch, T. George

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Regulation of HCO3/- and Cl- absorption by arginine vasopressin (AVP) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) was examined in isolated, perfused medullary thick ascending limbs (MTAL) from 4- to 7-wk-old spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. AVP inhibited HCO3/- absorption by 50% at 10-10 M and by 25% at 2 x 10-12 M in MTAL from both WKY and SHR. Cholera toxin (10-9 M) or forskolin (10-6 M) in the bath also inhibited HCO3/- absorption by 50% in the SHR. In MTAL from WKY, PGE2 (10-6 M in the bath) increased HCO3/- absorption from 7.1 ± 0.4 to 12.0 ± 0.4 pmol · min-1 · mm-1 (p < 0.005) and decreased Cl- absorption from 65 ± 7 to 47 ± 6 pmol · min-1 · mm-1 (P < 0.001) in the presence of 10-10 M AVP. Under the same conditions, PGE2 had no effect on HCO3/- or Cl- absorption in MTAL from SHR. PGE2 also reversed submaximal inhibition of HCO3/- absorption by 2 x 10-12 MAVP in WKY but not in SHR. With 10- 10 M AVP in the bath, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (10-6 M in the bath) increased HCO3/- absorption from 6.6 ± 0.5 to 12.3 ± 0.4 pmol · min-1 · mm-1 in MTAL from WKY and from 7.6 ± 0.7 to 12.6 ± 1.2 pmol · min-1 · mm-1 in MTAL from SHR (P < 0.005). These results demonstrate that 1) the effects of PGE2 to stimulate HCO3/- absorption and inhibit Cl- absorption in the presence of AVP are absent in MTAL from SHR, 2) the defect may involve an inability of PGE2 to stimulate protein kinase C, and 3) regulation of HCO3/- absorption by AVP via adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate is similar in MTAL from WKY and SHR. The lack of PGE2 inhibition of NaCl absorption in the MTAL may contribute to renal salt retention during the development of hypertension in the SHR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F47-F54
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology
Volume269
Issue number1 38-1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

Keywords

  • adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate
  • arginine vasopressin
  • essential hypertension
  • loop of Henle
  • protein kinase C
  • spontaneously hypertensive rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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