Protective effect of alcoholic extract of stem of Entada pursaetha in dextran sulphate sodium-induced colitis in mice

Gaurav Gupta, Amar Sunil More, Rashmi Rekha Kumari, Madhu Cholenahalli Lingaraju, Nitya Nand Pathak, Dhirendra Kumar, Dinesh Kumar, Santosh Kumar Mishra, Surender Kumar Tandan

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oxidative stress has been shown to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC). Entada pursaetha has been demonstrated to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we investigated the effects of stem of alcoholic extract of E. pursaetha (PSE) in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis in mice. The protective effect of PSE was determined at three different doses of 30, 100 and 300 mg/kg body weight by oral gavage for 7 days. Morphological (colon length and colon weight/length ratio), clinical (disease activity index) and macroscopic (damage score) features were determined using standard criteria. Lipid peroxides (determined as malonaldehyde; MDA), enzymatic (superoxide dismutase; SOD and catalase; CAT) and non- enzymatic antioxidants (reduced glutathione; GSH), nitrate and nitrite (NOx) levels and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity in colon tissues were determined. The DSS damaged the colonic tissue, increased MPO activity, lipid peroxidation and NOx levels, reduced the antioxidant enzymes and glutathione and lowered the body weight. PSE significantly reduced the inflammation of colon and reversed the increase in MPO activity induced by DSS. It also significantly increased the SOD and catalase activities and did not elicit any effect on depleted levels of GSH in the colonic tissue. In addition, PSE also significantly decreased colonic NOx and MDA levels compared to DSS-treated mice; reduced both infiltration of inflammatory cells and the mucosal damage in colon on histopathological examination. The results suggested the protective potential of PSE in DSS-induced colitis and this might be attributed to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-154
Number of pages8
JournalIndian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume52
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Colitis
  • Entada pursaetha
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Gupta, G., More, A. S., Kumari, R. R., Lingaraju, M. C., Pathak, N. N., Kumar, D., Kumar, D., Mishra, S. K., & Tandan, S. K. (2015). Protective effect of alcoholic extract of stem of Entada pursaetha in dextran sulphate sodium-induced colitis in mice. Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 52(2), 147-154.