Proteomic Analysis in Esophageal Eosinophilia Reveals Differential Galectin-3 Expression and S-Nitrosylation

Carla M. Davis, Girish Hiremath, John E. Wiktorowicz, Kizhake V. Soman, Christof Straub, Christina Nance, Norma Quintanilla, Konrad Pazdrak, Kalpesh Thakkar, Anthony P. Olive, Alexander Kurosky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background Aims: Esophageal eosinophilia (EE) can be caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), proton-pump inhibitor-responsive EE (PPI-REE) or eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). This study quantified protein expression and S-nitrosylation (SNO) post-translational modifications in EE to elucidate potential disease biomarkers. Methods: Proximal and distal esophageal (DE) biopsy proteins in patients with EE and in controls were assayed for protein content and fluorescence-labeled with and without ascorbate treatment. Protein SNO was determined, and selected protein spots were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight/mass spectrometry. Western blot and ingenuity pathway analysis were performed. Results: Ninety-one of 648 proteins showed differential expression. There were significantly altered levels of abundance for 11 proximal and 14 DE proteins. Hierarchal clustering revealed differential SNO in inflamed tissues, indicating reactive nitrogen/oxygen species involvement. Galectin-3 was upregulated in both proximal (p < 0.04) and distal (p < 0.004) esophageal EE biopsies compared to controls. In distal EE samples, galectin-3 was significantly S-nitrosylated (p < 0.004). Principal component analysis revealed sample group discrimination distally. Conclusion: Proteomic analysis in EE esophageal mucosa revealed a distinct abundance and nitrosylation profile, most prominently in distal biopsies. Galectin-3 was upregulated in expression and SNO, which may indicate its potential role in mucosal inflammation. These results call for more studies to be performed to investigate the role of galectin-3 in GERD, PPI-REE and EoE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-299
Number of pages12
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016


  • Esophageal eosinophilia
  • Galectin
  • Proteomic analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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